ALPHABETIC INDEX of TOPICS... keywords

A  (adaptability) (American culture) (American constitution) (adult immaturity and consumerism) (authoritarian conscience, authoritarian ethics)  (attributes)

B (behaviourism) (behavioural paradigm) (biology of learning) (brain)(brain/mind) 

(cognitive processes: learning, remembering or 'memory')(conscience: function, development, evolution)   (consciousness)  (crisis in education) (critical practice)

 D  

ethics: (science of ethics as moral science) (rational ethics) education 

F (facilitation of learning)(freedom)(freedom in education)freedom and democracy)  

  (growth)

H  (holistic paradigm: health as 'wellness'... holistic science and systems theory... learning theory... holistic education...)

      (human nature in terms of: evolution... development... needs... intelligence... cultural perspective...spiritual or 'transpersonal' dimension... happiness)    

  (intelligence 

J K(knowledge)   

L (language: functional and incorrect use)(learning theory)(love as wisdom of compassion or 'unconditional love')  

M (memory)(moral science) (moral development) (moralism) (moral education) (morality) (motivation) (montessori)  

N (neuroscience)('new education' as freedom in education)   O   

P  (paradigm)(principles)  (psychology: behavioural paradigm, holistic paradigm, transpersonal psychology, psychology and learning) (so-called 'problem of ethics')

 Q (quantum mechanics)    

(science: definition, history, classical science, holistic science) (scientists)   

          ('self-transcendance' as transcendance of ego)... (so-called 'schizophrenia' as intense spiritual experience...  'spiritual emergence')

T (traditional paradigm)(traditional education as 'schooling' 'banking education')(transpersonal realm of human nature) (transpersonal perspective)   (teacher attributes)

U  (values)  

W (work as 'human work behaviour': its psychological value in human development)      

 

 

A..................................................................................................    

American culture... culture of capitalism, commercialism, consumerism...

              Demands of 'capitalism' as 'commercialism' and 'consumerism' lead to promotion of adult immaturity

              arrested development as 'adult immaturity'

                    capitalism and 'marketing character orientation'

                               Adam Smith and 'laissez faire economics' 'economic man'

              American Constitution and dichotomous perception of human nature     

     American Constitution and dichotomous perception of human nature

                       education in the context of culture: 'cultural context'  

B...................................................................................

  Behavioural science or 'behaviourism'   behavioural science or 'behaviourism'.... and   'behavioural paradigm or 'traditional paradigm'    

       educational theory     educational theory in the behavioural paradigm...

                          Learning theory  learning theory                 

                      learning theory in the traditional or behavioural paradigm ... learning theory in the traditional or 'behavioural' paradigm

                      learning as 'conditioning' in traditional paradigm... ‘schooling learning as 'condititioning' and ‘schooling’

    education as manipulation or 'banking education' 

                      behavioural psychology- founder John Watson     behavioural psychology- founder John Watson...

            conditioned learning or 'conditioning'... conditioning as 'rote learning'

 

 'brain-based learning'... 'experiential learning' natural learning or 'growth learning'...

    Freud and discovery of the 'unconscious'...psychoanalysis...  identification with conditioned learning...'ego'

      Hebb - psychologist...     

         psychology in holistic paradigm...

        psychology as function of culture...

                 

                               spiritual emergence...         

       

           

Biology of learning or 'psychobiology'        

Brain research... neural science or neuroscience

 Brain       three layered or 'triune' brain...    bipedalism in brain evolution...      

                       brain/mind...

                           prefrontal lobes (motivation)...

                                           cerebral hemispheres (holistic perception)... 

                 experiential learning as 'brain-based learning'

                 biological basis of learning...   learning and the synapse... synapse modification or 'neuroplasticity'            

    

C................................................................  

Conscience (1. function 2. development or  'growth' 3. evolution) 

see 'moral science'

     1.  function of conscience as guardian of personality integration... 

          2.  development of conscience,  psychological value of work in the construction of conscience...   education for freedom as 'responsible education'...

             developed or 'mature' conscience... freedom of conscience or 'inner freedom'...   

   mature growth as psychological health or 'self-actualisation'

                non-developed or 'immature' conscience...  undeveloped conscience

                     immature growth, neurotic development or 'neurosis'

                  neurosis as the source of human wickedness or 'evil'

                  internalisation of authority, fear of authority and dysfunctional conscience or 'authoritarian conscience'

                'authoritarian ethics'

         creative intelligence and spiritual insight or 'intuition'        D..................................................................................................................................................................................

E............................................................................................                                        

    biology of ethics and function of 'virtue'   

    authoritarian ethics of authoritarian conscience: 'irrational ethics' 

             F. ...............................................................................

Freedom: There are two kinds of freedom - 'outer freedom' as freedom of action and 'inner freedom' as freedom of thought. 'true freedom'  freedom as 'true freedom' results when inner freedom is translated into outer freedom

'true freedom' as spiritual freedom of transcendance of ego or 'self-transcendance'   spiritual freedom as moral freedom' or 'freedom of conscience'...  freedom of inquiry, freedom of thought, freedom from rigidity of dogmatic thinking, freedom of 'conscience' 

             

      practice of freedom in education

     freedom in education as freedom of expression and inquiry 'freedom to work'....

education for critical consciousness or 'critical practice' 

 

              protection from 'media fallout'...   

              adult education   libratory pedagogy or scientific pedagogy

                 feminist pedagogy as libratory pedagogy...

                

    G...........................................................................................   

. H............................................................................................

 

 holistic health as 'wellness' orhigh-level wellness’            

                             

       holistic education... transformative education

               'holistic education' is education for freedom of creativity and productivity or 'work'

             

      'progressive education movement' for experiential learning    

    freedom and democracy

   Teaching as 'facilitation of learning'  

shift in teaching paradigm...          

student-teacher contradiction is resolved in the holistic paradigm...  critical discourse as 'authentic dialogue'..  authentic dialogue

  function of teacher as 'facilitator': facilitation of learning as preparation for life of freedom: 'socially responsible education'..  

           brain-antagonistic teaching 

         brain-compatible teaching: optimalearning     teaching to the brain...             

                     effective teaching depends on teacher attitudes as 'attitudinal qualities' or 'attributes'                          

adaptability through 'self-empowerment' and evaluation as 'self-evaluation': the psychological function of error

function of error in education for personal growth...  

        teacher training as formation of facilitators or 'teacher formation'

                lesson planning

thematic teaching    map learning  

                                    holistic perception                    

human adaptability based on unconscious motivation for learning as intrinsic to the organism i.e.'intrinsic motivation'       

                'structuralism' and 'structural analysis'           

freedom in education and holistic educators

     New education 'new education'

        Socrates   Comenius  Condillac  Montessori  Decroly    Dewey and the 'progressive education movement'                                  

Human nature defined in terms of biology, evolutionary biology, sociobiology, developmental biology, psychology, psychobiology, transpersonal psychology...human nature as nature of the human personality (biosocial perspective)

traditional mistrust of human nature...  human nature as 'fundamental nature of the human personality'...

 1. human nature in terms of motives for behaviour or developmental needs (psychobiology)... human nature in terms of intrinsic motives for human behaviour or 'human needs'    human nature in terms of human needs..  intrinsic motivation 'human needs'... human motivation

  human organism and organismic valuing process or 'operative values'...   organismic valuing process or 'operative values'

spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'...                                                     spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'...    growth needs or 'metaneeds' and education for spiritual growth...spiritual needs as 'higher psychological needs'  being-values' as 'spiritual values': 'higher psychological needs' or 'metaneeds'

'unconditional love' as a metaneed...  (see development of conscience)

human disempowerment as source of wickedness or 'evil'                         

       human nature as revealed in psychoanalysis... instinctive knowlege of human nature or 'self-knowledge'...

       human organism as social organism

'creative intelligence' or 'intuition'       creative intelligence 

 2. human nature in terms of human intelligence (biology)

                 'social intelligence' or 'moral intellligence' as 'morality'    social intelligence as moral intelligence or 'morality'...

                     creative intelligence involves spiritual insight or 'intuition'    consciousness disciplines and cultivation of intuition

 3. human nature in terms of human evolution (evolutionary biology)

              adaptation and learning or 'adaptability' as responsiveness to environmental change and natural selection...  

human adaptability depends on the process of knowing or 'knowledge'... behavioural adaptation...   'human knowledge' required for human adaptability                 

 4. biosocial perspective of human nature (sociobiology)

 human nature in terms of 'existential structure of human existence': dichotomies of the 'human condition'...  values rooted in the 'human condition'... 

human nature defined in terms of 'human needs' as 'human values'   human values as 'operative values'...  

                                                  

human organism as social organism... human organism as social organism: function of language...  llanguage and conventional meanings...

            non-adaptive reaction to language as 'semantic reaction' or 'identification'...

  Language    language and conventional meanings

incorrect use of language or 'identification'.

 5. human nature in terms of human development (psychology )

       complete development as 'humanisation' or 'normalisation' resulting in maturity...    'self-actuallisation'..                                                                                                                 

                                   incomplete or arrested development, neurotic development or 'neurosis'...  'psychosis'...'psychosis' as spiritual crisis...

                                                        result is dehumanisation of 'adult immaturity'...    source of human wickedness or 'evil'

6. Transpersonal or 'spiritual' dimension of human nature...transpersonal dimension of human nature 'self-transcendance'   transpersonal perspective

                           'self-transcendance'   'self-transcendance'

                                   transpersonal psychology

                                   transpersonal psychotherapy

                                                       happiness... 

                                                      so-called 'schizophrenia' as intense transpersonal or spiritual experience: spiritual awakening or 'spiritual emergence'...

spiritual emergence...     Spiritual emergence...    

  Students of human nature 

          Abraham Maslow...    CarlRogers...  Maria Montessori  Jean Piaget  Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg

 'constructivist model' of Jean Piaget

 'biological model' of Ovide Decroly...  

                                                                                  

I.................................................................................................                                    

          

K..............................................................................................................

 Knowledge as the process of 'knowing'...

   knowledge or cognition as the process of knowing or 'cognitive process': different kinds of knowledge correspond to different 'modes of knowing': abstract or 'symbolic knowledge' is objective knowledge of experience; 'intimate knowledge' is understanding of the significance of objective experience. Effective adaptability depends on intimate knowledge.    knowledge or modes of knowing

 L..............................................................................................  

         holistic paradigm

                      learning in social context: 'dialogue'

                       learning:evolutionary perspective   learning as 'natural learning' or 'experiential learning'  learning (holistic learning)

                       brain-based learning  also 'complex learning'                                         

                  learning  as the process of acquiring knowlege through inner dialogue of 'contemplation' and outer dialogue as negotiation of meaning or discussion...         learning  as the process of acquiring knowlege through inner dialogue of 'contemplation' and outer dialogue as negotiation of meaning or discussion...

           retention of learning, process of remembering or 'memory'...

       learning theory in the holistic paradigm                                             

            'brain-based learning'  optimalearning...

             'brain-compatible' teaching as 'teaching to the brain'

            'brain-antagonistic' teaching as teaching for 'rote learning'

'lesson planning' in holistic paradigm...

               libratory education... 'libratory pedagogy'...

 Learner evaluation

         learner evaluation in traditional paradigm: punishment/reward system of 'grades'...

       learner evaluation in holistic paradigm: self correction and 'self-evaluation'...

 Love as 'mature love' is 'universal love' or 'unconditional love'... 

love as uncondtional love or 'universal love'...   

            immature love or 'selfish love' is based on insecurity...

M..............................................................................................

 Moral science  'moral science' as 'study of value' or 'study of ethics'...  'biology of ethics'   aims of moral science...

           traditional paradigm and 'moral philosophy' or 'ethics'

           science of ethics...   science of ethics... origin and meaning of 'ethics'... morality as 'moralism' morality as 'moralism'.....

                orthodox morality as ‘moralism’   authoritarian ethics of American culture...    problem of ethics  so-called 'problem of ethics'... 'search for values' as problem of ethics..  'problem of ethics'...

  biological basis of ethics: development of moral consciousness or conscience  'conscience': moral development: biological model    development of moral rationality or 'moral development'     

    morality in holistic paradigm i.e. moral rationality or 'moral intelligence’...

   morality as result of moral development: development of moral rationality or 'ethical reasoning'...

 Morality as  moral rationality or 'moral intelligence’... morality as 'moral intelligence'...   'social intelligence' as morality... 

   morality as result of moral development: development of moral rationality or 'ethical reasoning'...

 evolution of conscience. evolution of 'ethics' as 'natural ethics' or 'rational ethics'...

  Lawrence  Kohlberg: theory of socio-cognitive stages of moral development    'socio-cognitive stages' of moral development

developmental stages.. 

    'neurosis'as neurotic or immature growth: failure in moral development  failure in moral development or 'evil'...    'evil'...    'evil' as problem of human wickedness resulting from neurosis and psychosis

    ethics based on understanding of human nature: 'humanistic ethics'.. natural ethics as 'rational ethics'...   

  rational ethics as 'humanistic ethics'...    'natural ethics'...       natural ethics as 'rational ethics'... 

                        'evolution of ethics' as a function of evolution of moral consciousness or conscience'...                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                             evolutionary significance of human values...         values are not the same as value judgements...  'true values'distinct from 'value judgements'...

                values as human needs...

                values of the organism: ‘organismic values' or 'operative values'

                values as 'virtues'their survival value to human organism...   biological function of values as 'virtues'...

                        universal love

                                                                                                     

                                                   moral consciousness or 'conscience'...

                                                   function of conscience...  

                                                   morality as 'free morality'...  

                                                  free morality as function of rational conscience or 'rational ethics'...                                             

                                                 .instinctive responsibility for mature growth or 'self-actualisation...                                                    

Moral education  value education in the traditional paradigm...moral education in traditional paradigm...  moral education in traditional paradigm...

                value education in the holistic paradigm...  moral education in holistic paradigm as 'facilitation of moral development'...

 moral education in holistic paradigm as 'facilitation of moral development'...

                 moral education as 'cognitive-developmental value education'...      

  Motivation There are two types of motivation: First, 'normal' motivation by growth needs  or 'metaneeds' i.e. growth motivation or 'metamotivation'. Second, 'abnormal' motivation by deficiency of growth needs i.e. 'deficiency motivation'  or 'deficit motivation'.

  Abraham Maslow and 'motivation theory'

   motivation for human behaviour based on human motives or 'human needs'... 

motivation for human behaviour: its source in human motives or 'needs'...

   'metamotivation' as motivation by growth needs or 'metaneeds'   'metamotivation' as motivation by growth needs or 'metaneeds'

   unconscious motivation for learning or 'intrinsic motivation'     unconscious motivation for learning or 'intrinsic motivation'

     intrinsic motivation     intrinsic motivation

   motivation for extrinsic goals or 'extrinsic motivation'... extrinsic motivation

   motivation for extrinsic goals or 'extrinsic motivation'...

  ‘deficit motivation' as motivation by deficiency of growth needs...  -

    ‘deficit motivation' as motivation by deficiency of needs for self-esteem

   'problem of motivation' as key to 'educational crisis'...   'problem of motivation' 

   problem of motivation as key to 'educational crisis'..

 crisis in education... educational crisis as 'paradigm crisis'

'map learning'

maturity as mature development or 'self-actualisation'            

               retention of learning or 'memory': the process of remembering ...   'memory' as retention of learning...

                        spatial memory system and map learning...             

          'metaneeds' as spiritual needs...    'metaneeds' as spiritual needs...

'modes of knowing' - 'intimate knowledge' and 'symbolic knowledge'...  

'modes of knowing' - 'intimate knowledge' and 'symbolic knowledge'... 

 

N...........................................................................................

               Neural science or neuroscience  and the  biological basis of learning... biology of learning.  psychobiology as 'biology of learning'

.architecture of the nervous system - nerve cell or neuron, electrochemical signalor 'nerve impulse', synapse . neuron... nerve impulse... synapse...         

  learning and the synapse...            

  synapse... synapse structure and function as the biological basis for learning...

           synapse modification (neuroplasticity) as the biological basis for the learning process…

  learning and the synapse...  neurotransmitters - their role in functioning of the synapse...         learning as a function of synapse modification or 'neuroplasticity'...  learning as function of synapse modification... synapse plasticity or 'neuroplasticity'...neuroplasticity as the biological basis of learning...

                 brain/mind

        founder of neuroscience Ramon Y Cajal

          brain as maker of meaning or ‘organ of learning’   brain functions    triune brain... brain as maker of meaning or ‘organ of learning’...

                                     cerebral hemispheres as basis for holistic brain functioning

                     .                      prefontal lobes of the brain, their function in motivation...                    

                                'information flow' in the brain: role of the synapse...                      

                     transmission of nerve impulses and its role in learning

           search for the 'memory trace' or ‘engram’...

             'subconscious'... its role in interpretation of environmental stimuli...   

             'subconscious'... its role in interpretation of environmental stimuli...

                                              

O.........................................................................................

'operative' values as values of the organism or ‘organismic’ values

optimal learning or ‘optimalearning

P.............................................................................................. 

.P..............................................................................................

Paradigm

paradigm and Thomas Kuhn (paradigm debate and paradign shift)...

paradigm... paradigm crisis in education...   paradigm shift...

       paradigm crisis in education or 'educational crisis'...  

       paradigm shift in education from traditional to holistic paradigm...

               traditional paradigm of education (children assumed to be 'naturally lazy' and so must be forced to learn)

               holistic paradigm of education (children assumed to be 'natural learners' and so must be freed to learn)

planet earth as a natural system...

personality development as moral development...

philosophy of education

 Piaget....

problem of motivation in educational crisis...problem of motivation in educational crisis... 

       

            Principles of education

        Principles of education (Maria Montessori)

       Principles of brain-based learning (Renate Nummela and Geoffrey Caine)

       Principles of biological program Ovide Decroly        

 

     

 Psychology and learning           

                psychological value of work in moral development...

                             'memory' as retention of learning...

                          'metaneeds' as spiritual needs...

                   'modes of knowing' - 'intimate knowledge' and 'symbolic knowledge'...  

                 'socio-cognitive stages' of moral development

                universal love as 'unconditional love or 'productive love'...

 

       Holistic paradigm

                  study of psychology in holistic paradigm...

                  psychology as function of culture...               

                   'neurosis'as neurotic or immature growth: failure in moral development

                       'psychosis' as psychological ill-health

     Transpersonal psychology

                          transpersonal perspective...

                      transpersonal psychology...

                      transpersonal psychotherapy..

                          'wellness' as holistic health

  Q....................................................................................

                            questioning of traditional paradigm of education...

  

R.......................................................................................... .................

rational ethics as natural ethics

responsible education as education for freedom to work...

 

S............................................................................................

                   Science and its implications for educational theory...

 

reductionist science or 'reductionism' - its effect on educational theory...

 Definition of science  as common sense inquiry 

                   science as search for reality or 'truth'...

                History of science

                  science as philosophy: Socrates...

                  science as in  'history of science'... 'history of science'

                         'quantum mechanics'

                                       Classical science...  traditional science

              orthodox science or 'scientism’    science as orthodox science or 'scientism'...

                reductionism...    reductionist science or 'reductionism'...

                             ‘science’ as 'classical science', 'orthodox science' or ‘scientism’ ..

            holistic science        

           systems theory and emergence of properties...'emergent properties' 

                     planet earth as a natural system...   

                       science of connectedness or 'wholeness': 'holistic science'

       

 Scientists... 

                       Heisenberg and 'uncertainty principle'...

                   Max Plancand the 'quantum of energy'.

                   Neils Bohr and the 'planetary model of the atom'...

                   Rene Descartes and the Cartesian dogma...

                   Thomas Kuhn and 'scientific paradigm'     

                       Isaac Newton and the 'mechanical universe'      'mechanical universe' and Newton

                   John Watson and behavioural science or 'behaviourism'

                                      

T..........................................................................................

Traditional paradigm  traditional paradigm... 

          traditional paradigm of education is questioned...

          definition of morality as ‘moralism’

         irrational 'authoritarian conscience' derived from fear of authority...

         'authoritarian ethics'...         

     traditional education

           traditional education as  schooled learning or 'schooling'...     education as schooled learning or 'schooling' ... 'traditional paradigm'

             'banking education'... 

                               'hidden curriculum' for social control ...

                         rote learning...

                     motivation for external goals i.e.'extrinsic motivation'...

             Teaching in the traditional paradigm

                           'student-teacher contradiction'..

                                  learner evaluation: punishment/reward system of 'grades'...

                       

 U.

 

V...............................................................................................         

              VALUES

 

W.......................................................................................

  work in education... its psychological value in human development..

 

X.Y.Z.....................................................................................

 

 

  miscellaneous notes...