What is needed in the world is more free sharing of ideas and information...
(progressive vs. regressive politics, education etc.)
Ron Miller Free Schools: Education and Democracy after 1960s
Giroux, H.A. (1989) Schooling for Democracy:Critical Pedagogy in the Modern Age New York, NY: Routledge
Education for democracy: www.infed.org/biblio/b-dem.htm Since school is a form of community life, the best preparation for democracy is the democratisation of schools. Democratic schools are free schools... fror 'responsible freedom... freedom to work and freedom to learn (involves learning from error).
Holistic education as nurturing democracy... democracy is natural to human species as a social species
contemplative education see Naropa University
American Enterprise Institute
An understanding of 'ethics' is essential to formulation of educational policy which is humane because it is based on the understanding of the biological basis of morality as a defining characteristic of the human organism as a social organism
Classics in the history of psychology www.psychclassics.yorku.ca/links.htm
"Life is difficult. This is a great truth, one of the greatest truths. It is a great truth because once we truly see this truth, we transcend it. Once we truly know that life is difficu lt - once we truly understand and accept it - then life is no longer difficult. Because once it is accepted, the fact that life is difficult no longer matters".(M. Scott Peck The Road Less Travelled)
Ode to the Spell Checker! (Author unknown) Eye halve a spelling chequer It came with my pea sea It plainly marques four my revue Miss steaks eye kin knot sea. Eye strike a key and type a word And weight four it two say Weather eye am wrong oar write It shows me strait a weigh. As soon as a mist ache is maid It nose bee fore two long And eye can put the error rite Its rare lea ever wrong. Eye have run this poem threw it I am shore your pleased two no Its letter perfect awl the weigh My chequer tolled me sew. (www.reimagineeducation.org)
holistic educator www.astralsite.com/Isabella/holistic.html
Holistic and Soul Education Holistic Education Conference Holistic Education.
expanding wave of interest in holistic learning and teaching
Dr. Jack Miller Dr. John P. (Jack) Miller is a foremost thinker, writer and educator of the holistic paradigm.
Jack teaches at OISE/UT and is the chair of the Holistic Education Conferences Holistic Learning: Breaking New Ground held every two years in Toronto
OISE/UT is a centre of excellence for graduate studies, research, field development, initial and continuing teacher education in Ontario. It also is a central and integral part of the University of Toronto with collaborative programs, joint appointments and linkages to a variety of professional faculties and departments.
Dr. Ramon Gallegos Nava is the author of numerous books on holistic education. In l992 he founded the Fundacion Internacional para la Educacion Holista to spread holistic education in Mexico and abroad. The Foundation hosts an annual conference in Guadalajara, Mexico, published books and offers a post graduate programme in holistic learning.
Centre for Partnership Studies Riane Eisler, author of Tomorrow's Children & The Chalice and the Blade and the Partnership Way writes on cultural tranforsmation through partnership. An eminent philosopher, writer and educator she is at the forefront of the thinking that drives a whole systems transformation shift.
Office of the Caduceator Clarence Harvey (shares his wisdom, knowledge and insights into the nature of the soul, soul teaching and methods for octavising the self) Global Declaration of Soul Education is the mind and soul behind soul education, and the Triangles in Education work.
The Soul in Education: TheSpirit of Learning conference, is the first world conference on soul education in October 2000 was sponsored by a partnership among the Triangles in Education , UK Holistic educators and the Findhorn Foundation.
The Booroobin Sudbury School A private learning centre 'democratic school', founded in western Australia about seven years ago... the students create their own curriculum and find their own teachers.
Soul in Education: Spirit of Learning Conference in Hawaii:This is the second world conference anchoring the principles of soul education
The Soul in Education: CelebratingThe Spirit of Learning 2003. 3rd International Soul in Education Conference, 27 Sept to 4 Oct 2003, Byron Bay region NSW Australia. This is the third world conference of a cycle of conferences addressing the Soul in Education. The conference theme “Celebrating Spirit of Learning” highlights and celebrates learning as an “inherently fulfilling life-long process that can enhance our sense of connectedness and purpose as human beings”.
Holistic Education Network of Tasmania HENT: A showcase website with links to holistic education initiatives. This site collects and distributes information, ideas and projects for holistic educators.
Selia Karston’s “The Spa” Holistic Oasis on the web with a variety of resources to explore.
Great Ideas eclectic web site.
...unbounded human potential that resides in the human inner space of imagination.
Consciousness Studies Integralis... on-line journal exploring consciousness research particularly related to integral psychology. Allan Combs, the founding editor heads a cast of editors and advisors... Ken Wilber and consciousness researcher Imants Baruss.
Shamanic Work and Soul Education Programmes Malidoma Some... a Dagara shaman, from West Africa. He lives and works in North America. He holds advanced degrees in psychology and literature. His fascinating book Of Water and Spirit recounts the events leading to his shamanic initiation after he escaped from a Jesuit school to which he had been abducted. Some's timely social and educational contribution is in the area of youth initiation, especially in inner cities.
The Bach Centre in the UK advances the work of Dr. Bach, a British physician who discovered the essential link between healing plants and human emotions. The Centre holds the patent for the 48 Bach Remedies, answers questions and offers information on training to become a Bach remedies consultant.
Earth First... an organisation dedicated to environmental protection and saving all aspects of the natural world. View their journal.
Greenpeace is a NGO operating internationally. Their work draws attention to projects and companies that threaten the natural environment. web site at: Good News Media Yes good news media is alive and well!
UK based Positive News newspaper is published along with a magazine Living Lightly reports on holistic thinker, projects, ideas and initiatives that help us to develop peaceful social structures and support the healing of the earth. Read the good news on the web at : Rainforest Action Network In the past there have been sites for helping save the rain forests and for feeding hungry people - those sites are in transition just now - so try this site meanwhile to see what you can do to help the planet.
Texts John Dewey My Pedagogic Creed www.holisticeducation.org.uk
Chicago Statement on Education 1990 www.holisticeducation.org.uk
'Systems biology' to understand the biology of consciousness which is an emergent property of the brain...
Association for Moral Education (AME) for professionals interested in the moral dimensions of educational theory and practice... www.amenetwork.org submit articles to firstname.lastname@example.org (St; Joseph College Hartford, Connecticut)
Book Publishing: iUniversal (internet)
Holistic education: integration of the spiritual dimension of human nature in education
Religion from 'religare' to relink, reconnect Plato: philosophy is the art of remembering
Chartres Mystery School July 2-6 inaugural event See Hildegar of Bingen Wisdom University
Google: evolution of conscience see Darwin on evolution of the moral sense... as moral knowledge... see biological explanation for the human moral faculty.... social animals have social instincts which support their social life... these are 'innate' genetic propensities... and part of the essence of humanity... See website Evolution and Conscience by Stefan Beyst see www.evolutionaryethics.com
What is the nature of morality? It is a function of intelligence... survival inspires a cybernetic process leading to formulation of ethical systems... see Biological Basis of Morality by Edward O. Wilson
Richard Dawkins Salon Directory and www.edge.org
Consciousness is awareness of awareness. The change of personality leading to mystic experience is one of increasing integration as opposed to psychotic change of increasing disintegration. Self-actualisation can be self-transcendant... 'transcendant self-actualisation' Can you have self-actualisation which is not self-transcendant?.
What is God in terms of human psychology? God is a delusion... a concept which represents that which we seek in our longing to become what we truly are... the truly human or 'divine' of human nature..
"I believe in God only I spell it 'Nature'" Frank Lloyd Wright..
Freire Pedagogy of Freedom
James Q.Wilson The Moral Sense
Willis Harman and John Hormann Creative Work Indianapolis, Knowledge Systems Inc. 1990
Golchian Vandenbroek Less Is More: The Art of Voluntary Poverty Rochester, Vermont Inner Traditions International 1991
Philip Goldberg (1983) The Intuitive Edge Jeremy Tarcher, Los Angeles CA
Stanislav Grof (1992) The Holotropic Mind Harper, San Francisco, CA
Ken Wilber (1996) The Atman Project: A Transpersonal View of Human Development
Caring what others think of you puts them in charge of your life instead of you
... importance of discernment of reality from illusion in the environment
www.wisdomportal.com Gopi Krishna on biology of kundalini google: 'mysticism'
Charles Tart www.paradigm-sys.comctart/index.cfm
Purchase of books: Shambhala
David Bohm (1917-1992) quantum physicist known for his book Wholeness and the Implicate Order worldview characterised by 'undividedwholeness in flowing movement'. Thought fragments. The human mind is capable of transcending the fragmentation produced by thought .www.david_bohm.net
dialogue as the free exchange of ideas: necessary to transform cultureby freeing it of destructive misinformation so that creativity can be liberated. Dialogue is healthy when the participants release themselves from self-identifcation with the assumptions which the defend and they see themselves as being involved in a 'mutual quest for understanding and meaning'.
Definition of karma... the process by which our thoughts shape our actions.
internet sacred text archive CD-ROM fifty dollars address?
"Traditionally, philosophy had been a struggle to discover and to live the good and virtuous life. Socrates is probably the best example of this quest...".(David Purpel)
Research Center for Moral Science or 'moralogy' www.scimednet.org
Moral intuition is 'common sense'... moral intelligence as moral intuition is a function of 'creative intelligence'
For articles online see Resurgence www.brainmind.com for brain evolution and a lot more
Caine learning principles www.newhorizons.org/neuro/caine.htm
The enlightened mind is a witness to the world of changing forms but not affected by it. Pain and suffering come from the false consciousness of ego, that is identification with the transient. The extinction of the illusion of self-centeredness of the ego is 'nirvana'
"The mainspring of creativity appears to be the same tendency which we discover so deeply as the curative force in psychotherapy - man's tendency to actualize himself, to become his potentialities. By this I mean the directional trend which is evident in all organic and human life - the urge to expand, extend, develop, mature - the tendency to express and activate all the capacities of the organism, or the self. ...it exists in every individual and awaits only the proper conditions to be released and expressed. It is this tendency which is the primary motivation for creativity as the organism forms new relationships to the environment in its endeavor most fully to be itself." (Rogers, C. On Becoming a Person. Cambridge, MA:: Riverside Press 1961. 351)
Essence of understanding … appreciate the dynamic interconnectivity which is fundamental to the nature of whatever system is being investigated – human nature included.
It is said that ideologies can make for dysfunctional individuals and societies... This depends on whether education in those societies values or devalues personal development.
see www.comfsm/socscie/biolearn.htm (College of Micronesia FSM (Federated States of Micronesia)
(also info.com, starware search)
keywords: India spiritual legacy... Sri Aurobindo http://www.integralbooks.com
Namaste Publishing (California and Amsterdam )
www.ingentaconnect.org (check this URL) .for texts of journals etc.
The teacher is a moral agent
Holistic Education Institute Witfield Ave. Northumberland www.holisticeducation.org.uk
brain-based education www.uw.sp.edu/education/wilson?/links/brainbasedlinks.htm
www.PositiveAtheism.org see Paul Kurtz Exuberance:A Philosophy of Happiness
"A stupid man's report of what a clever man says is never accurate because he unconsciously translates what he hears into something he understands" Bertrand Russell
Slide show see http://www.peaceabbey.org
On Quantum Theory: The Dynamic Unity of Reality www.spaceandmotion.com
There is a general demand for the democritization of education. Each individual has the right to an education which provides the opportunity for self-empowerment - to develop the powers of intrinsic motivation required for them to be able to control their own future. ... depends on the notion that the effective teacher is not authoritarian and controlling but instead is authoritative and facilitative.. a facilitator by virtue of their auithority.
For a future of change and a global perspective in the global village, it is no longer possible to ignore the learner's inner experience. The new paradigm of education has one paramount concern - the learner's inner life. The hierarchical and mechanical school environment of traditional education is viewed differently from the perspective of this new framework
"For too long the inner world of children has been suppressed or denied, and this is a serious flaw in our educational thinking that holistic educators seek to remedy". (Kathleen Kesson "Critical Theory and Holistic Education: Carrying on the Conversation" in Ron Miller et al. The Renewal of Meaning in Education: Responses to the Cultural and Ecological Crisis of our Times. p.109)
Kohlberg, L. Stage and Sequence: The Cognitive-Developmental Approach to Socialization. In In D.A. Goslin (ed.) Handbook of Socialization Theory and Research. Chicago: Rand McNally 1969. (347-480)
Roman mythology. one of ancient gods of Rome - the guardian of doors , watches over entrances and exits; portrayed with two faces - one for entrance and one for exit; In Rome the temples of Janus were only closed in times of peace.significance to education?
"We accept things as 'real' if they can causally act upon, or interact with ordinary real material things." (Popper, K. and J.C. Eccles. The Self and Its Brain. 10)
Truly 'innovative' methods and pedagogies of 'nontraditional' education have the effect of liberating the learner from the authoritarian role of the teacher, the curriculum and the institution. The learner must be free to develop self-discipline, engage in self-directed learning, and achieve self-actualization. An innovative pedagogy of liberation in education can lead to a person's full humanization and the humanization of society.
If this is the aim of education, then it would be valuable to consider the formulation of a 'nontraditional' and 'innovative' wholistic pedagogy for the education of all children.
Bruner, Jerome. Process of Education. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1966
Mario Montessori Education for Human Development,New York: Schocken Books, Ed. Paula Polk Lillard 1976
Maria Montessori, Education and Peace, Chicago: Regnery,1972
Phillipe Aries, Centuries of Childhood, New York: Knopf, 1962
Helena Miller A Proposal for the Improvement of Education in AmericaThe American Biology Teacher, vol 27, no. 1 January 1965
Bruner, Jerome Toward a Theory of Instruction, Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press, Harvard University Press, 1966
PeterVargee and Paul Grosch The Puzzle of Ethics Harper Collins 1994, 1999
"The most interesting and valuable things about a man are his ideals and over-beliefs. The same is true of nations and historic epochs; and the excesses of which the particular individuals and epochs are guilty are compensated in the total, and become profitable to mankind in the long run." (William James, Preface to The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy l897 ) The 'self-adjusted man' of American cultue could be conceived as representing the ideal and over-belief of American psychological theory. Abraham Maslow's scientific approach to the nature of the human being can be considered one of the outcomes which is profitable to mankind.
virtues as the core social values of the highest consciousness state
"Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance keep moving".(Einstein)
Christopher Gilmore Director of Holistic Education Foundation in Britain
Importance of interest in cognition (Decroly 'centers of interest') cognition and affect together determine the mental state.
Maturity is the ability to relate appropriately toother realities than one's own. Immaturity is the inability to relate... as in tennis ('inner tennis') watch the ball ... don't look at the opponent... keep focused on the task at hand.
Our thoughts and our actions must be in accordance with how we would like the world to be. In this way we live in harmony with ourselves, with other people and with nature.
Morality see Cicero’s Commentaries for biological basis of morality: see 'evolutonary ethics' and cybernetic ethics www.utm.edu
Correlation between evolution and ethics www.cfmc.com
Moral virtue is the only path to effective action
survival instinct inspires a cybernetic process which leads to systems of values or 'ethical systems' resulting from social cooperation which furthers mutual survival.
GNOSIS is 'enlightenment'
Education for illumination... knowledge is the 'third eye' which gives insight into affairs of life and correct action ... 'intuition'... Ignorance fetters the mind...
Human relationship is a mirror in which you understand your own consciousness
synaptic plasticity... neuroplasticity (reorgnizing neuronal pathways in response to experience)... metaethics... moral psychology
praxis way of knowing is interrelated with habits of being... verify in praxis what you know in consciousness... critical thought is transformative...
American culture is white supremacist capitalist patriarchy...
"The eyes with which I review the past are not the same as he eyes with which I saw in the past." (Paulo Freire Letters to Christina: Reflections on My Life and Work Routledge U.K. 1996)
NEUROTRANSMITTERS are chemical messengers which function in the transmission of impulses across synaptic clefts Some neurotransmitters excite and others inhibit continued propagation of nerve impulses.
The efficacy of synapses is increased with 'conditioned activation' or 'potentiation'...
... humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow,
Holistic education is education for peace and communion with the world
Holistic science produces ecological worldview
Reductionist science produces mechanistic worldview – universe is a mechanical system composed of elementary building h
Shift from the mechanistic worldview of reductionism to the ecological worldview of holistic science
The word ‘weltanshauung’ is German for worldview
Aristotle maintained that virtue is happiness... and that the pursuit of virtue is the noblest aim for a human being. In the book Nichomachean Ethics he maintains that the greatest happiness is derived from philosophical speculation combined with prudence and virtue. The habit of virtuous behaviour is directly related to virtuous character.
The Greek word ‘meta’ means ‘after’ or ‘beyond’.
AGAPE is ‘responsible love’.
Rational behaviour vs. irrational behaviour
In a normal situations, thoughts about perceptions produce feelings and these to lead to rational behavour. In emotionally charged situations impulses from the limbic system are faster than rational reflection of the neocortex. Because the limbic system is quicker in response than the neocortex emotions might not be reactions to ideas i.e. 'feelings' but represent immediate reactions to perceptions... these are irrational acts of the 'reactive-responsive orientation'.
Perceptions (A) plus Thoughts (B) = Feelings (C) which lead to Behaviour (D)
The sequence for rational behaviour is from A to B to C to D. The sequence for irrational behaviour is from A to C or A to D.
Spirituality is the sense of connectedness to all life- state of being, belonging and caring, state of sensitivity, compassion, joy and hope.... harmony between inner and outer life... reverence for life
HUMAN NATURE Two aspects are consciousness and ‘will’ or motivation which is a fuction of development of conscience.
See GNOSTIC CHRISTIANITY Gnosis is knowledge through reasoning which supports the spiritual values. Mind and spirit should seek the same ends. “on earth as it is in heaven” the idealistic goal (spirit) and practical reality (mind) coalesce. The spiritual person sees themselves in others.
reform "Ignorance, poverty and crime in society will not be solved by more of the same 'old education' - forcing children to learn under the systematic repression of adult-controlled instruction. Despite the billions of dollars and lip service efforts at 'reform' this type of traditional education remains as ever a part of the problem - not the solution. Instead, we must create a 'new education' to free the human spirit - true education which is based entirely on fundamental principles of nature." (Illich Deschooling Society) Educators must analyse the cultural context in which they are doing their work of educating. ...educational reform confined only to the schools and not to the society at large is doomed to eventual triviality... educational discourse must focus on the urgent task of transforming many of our basic cultural institutions and belief systems... we must make some drastic changes in our culture to forestall disaster and facilitate growth. Educational institutions must be a part of that process... Fearful of those who would challenge their basic assumptions, Americans have tended to mask that fear with scorn, avoidance, and self-deception.
For example 'dichotomy' between personal freedom and social responsibility disappears. Freedom and responsibility are complementary. The individual must be responsible to be 'free' Thus freedom for the individual is complementary with the responsibility to society. Freedom of the individal in society accomodates the individual's responsibility to the society. *************************
The function of the teacher is to facilitate the learning process Communication technology is making information readily available... As a result of the expansion of communications and information technology, the roles of educational institutions are becoming more concerned with facilitating learning than with providing content. the most common approach towards developing a critical practice of education focuses on explicating the work of European critical theorists and political economists... Jurgen Habermas (Habermas in his Theory of Communicative Action discusses the merging of European critical theory with American pragmatism)....Gramsci. Maxine Greene - "a critical practice of education in the United States is based on European memories. "....the sources of European critical theory are to be found in responses to the destruction of the Workers' Councils after the First World War, the decline of the Weimar Republic, the rise of Stalinism, the spread of fascism, the Holocaust, the corruptions of social democracy." ...self-directed learning contributes to the 'critical practice of education' ...educators who stand behind the concept of self-direction do so because this form of practice dignifies and respects people and their experience and breaks with authoritarian forms of education... through methods of self-direction... through self-directed learning people gain an increasing sense that they are in control of their own lives... self-direction is totally disconnected from questions of power and control in society... humanistic educators are concerned with personal growth...
FREEDOM FOR MATURITY AND PERCEPTION OF WHOLENESS...CONGRUENCE OF PERSONALITY:
The scientist is not the clever manipulator of instruments, he is the worshipper of nature...the thing we should cultivate in our teachers is more the spirit than the mechanical skill of the scientist...the direction of the preparation should be towards the spirit rather than towards the mechanisms In accordance with his principles of human nature, Maslow was a critic of 'official' science and proposed "a religionizing of all that is secular." He called orthodox science a "crippled half-science" and orthodox religion a "crippled half-religion." Giving short shrift to values and emotions, science cripples itself.
Taught that 'values' are subjective evaluations and 'emotions' cannot be trusted, scientists are led to believe that both distort the world of objective fact. They should not be taken into account in descriptions of 'reality.' The orthodoxy of the scientific institution has created a desacralized science, devoid of values and feelings of "humility, reverence, mystery,wonder, and awe. Denying the reality of these feelings, scientists have cut themselves off from the most real aspects of the 'reality' of the world. The job of the scientist is to see reality for what it is. The 'psychologically healthy scientist' - a self-actualizing human being - approaches his work "with love, devotion, and self-abnegation, as if he were entering a holy of holies. His self-forgetfulness can certainly be called a transcendence of the ego. His absolute morality and honesty and total truth can certainly be called a 'religious' attitude, and his occasional thrill or peak-experience, the occasional shudder of awe, of humility and smallness before the great mysteries he deals with-all these can be called sacred. (Abraham Maslow, "Psychology of Science" l44)
The self-actualizing scientist does not seek the rewards of research grants and professional chairs. As a self-actualizing person, the psychologically healthy scientist seeks the truth of nature and is a good scientist without trying to be one.
Teachers need to understand the culture-language-thought connection. The most elementrary form of idea or bit of information is a 'difference that makes a difference'. The contacts betwen the different entities (humans, plants soil, atmosphere etc) that characterize the multiple layers of life that constitute an ecology involve differences in patterns. ...the wellbeing of individuals is interdependent over the long term with the viability of the system ecology, of which they are a part...the mental processes that have their roots in cultural traditions may lead to dumping toxic wastes into the environment, leading to changes in the patterns of water, plant and animal life that will eventually impact human behavior. The totality of information exchanges that occur within an living ecology, where humans are ultimately interdependent with the rest of the biota, become the basic unit of survival (Bateson, 1972. Steps to an Ecology of Mind 483) ...Humans make sense of the information exchanges on the basis of the conceptual images and schemata they acquire from their culture. Human thinking is 'metaphorical'. The root 'metaphors' of a culture influence the process of 'analogic' thinking (which is always involved in understanding new situations) provide a schema that may prevent certain forms of informatioin from being recognized or properly understood.(Bowers C.A., Implications of the Ecological Crisis for the reform of Teacher Education 45) The root metaphors of Western culture are: 'man' centered universe, dualistic reality, mechanical universe, technology as 'neutral', autonomy of the individual etc. Essential ideas of Bateson: Rather than viewing the individual as an autonomous and reflective being, we should focus on the person as an interactive member of a larger ecology; look at the entire system. The map is not the territory. ...A person or society may think that what they are aware of (actually what their culturally acquired schemata allows them to be aware of ) is an accurate representation of the world, and the culturally derived schemata of understanding may distort fundamental relationships - like the belief that humans can survive and progress through even greater reliance on technological solutions. (Bowers C.A., Implications of the Ecological Crisis for the reform of teacher education 45) Take seriously the influence of culture - language on thought...
With a shift in paradigm to a systems approach, it becomes possible to view the learning process in all its complexity.
SYSTEMS APPROACH AND COMPLEXITY OF LEARNING "...there is emerging awareness that our current educational psychology is not so much wrong as so very limited... psychologists are extending their domain to include the study of consciousness" (Walsh 'Beyond Ego': Transpersonal Dimensions in Psychology.
'Education' designed for the nineteenth century industrial society does not address the needs of today's children. The educational experience for growing children is no longer a matter of simple preparation for a future working life. The educational experience must enable them to adapt to a changing environment and changing circumstances. It must prepare them for personal fulfillment and a life of change. It must engage their full capacity for learning, and learning how to learn. For a future of change and a global perspective in the global village, their subjective life must become of paramount concern in education. It is no longer possible to ignore their inner experience. The question which faces schools today is this: How to improve the quality of education for children so as to insure their complete intellectual and emotional development? "What do ..states of consciousness have to do with education? (Walsh 'Beyond Ego': Transpersonal Dimensions in Psychology. Thomas Roberts 'Education and Transpersonal Relations' 228-233). Quite a bit, both at the immediately applicable level and in long-range possibilities. Surprising as it seems, teachers and counselors find no problem in figuring out how to use transpersonal techniques in their day-to-day work. Enough books of games and techniques for classroom use have appeared to justify the label "transpersonal education." The immediate uses (of transpersonal psychology) stem from applying insights from transpersonal psychology to our ordinary awake state of consciousness (and consequently our ordinary schooling) rather than anything requiring an altered state of consciousness. One of the goals discussed by Tom Roberts in "Education and transpersonal relations" (228-233...is therefore the ...expansion of the educative process into these other dimensions. though the field is very young, a number of useful and enjoyable techniques exist for facilitating the attainment of traditional and nontraditional goals. One of the most important tasks awaiting transpersonal educators is the exploration of the optimal goals and potentials of such an expanded curriculum.(Walsh p 198) what should be the 'aim of education' asked in the 'new' paradigm of 'what is best for the child'. The 'society' is not an entity separate made up of citizens who have been educated on the schools of their community. Improvements in educational theory result in effective methodologies such as thematic teaching, whole-language approaches to literacy, and the integration of the curriculum. passive learner to active learner, teacher as 'mediator'/facilitator of learning
education: libratory education; pedagogy for humanization; problem posing education; freedom in education;
Freire Education as Practice of Liberation
Lindemann. The Meaning of Adult Education
Malcolm Knowles. The Modern Practice of Adult Education
D.R. Garrison 'Critical Thinking and Self-Directed Learning in Adult Education: An Analysis of Responsibility and Control Issues.' Adult Education Quarterly, 42: 3, Spring 1992, 136-148
Willard D. Callender, Jr. 'Adult Education as Self-Education' Adult Education Quarterly, 42: 3, Spring 1992, 156 Book Review, Maxine Greene. The Dialectic of Freedom. Adult Education Quarterly 39: 4 Summer 1989, 246-248
Chere Campbell Gibson 'Distance Education: On Focus and Future.' Adult Education Quarterly 42: 3 Spring 1992, 167-179
Willard D. Callender, Jr. 'Adult Education as Self-Education' Adult Education Quarterly, 42: 3, Spring 1992, 156)
Clay Warren, "Andragogy and N.F.S. Grundtvig: A Critical Link," Adult Education Quarterly, 39:4, Summer 1989, 211 - 223
. The hierarchical and mechanical school environment of traditional education
Focusing on the reproduction of the values of a consumer culture, the schools have been unprepared to meet the challenges of a changing global community.
The resulting 'educational crisis' has inspired discussion and debate about the wider issues of the nature and purposes of education.
The new paradigm which is emerging is based on a new concept of learning.
...the psychologist, philosopher, pedagogue and scholar Erich Fromm
Their energies are deflected towards maintaining their own status. Under pressure to preserve their own positions, they become less concerned with their responsibility towards the students themselves. Students' grades become advantage points for the teachers on the maintenance of their social positions. must first understand their lack of freedom in order to become free...
CONTENT AS INFORMATION, PROCESS AS METHOD
Fundamental change in behaviour only occurs with fundamental change in character.
Curiosity - survival oriented - is at the basis of philosophical and scientific inquiry Twentieth century scientific developments in anatomy and physiology gave rise to the modern formal Western behavioural 'psychology' of the behavioural sciences.
Intensive studies of the brain and of the nervous system established their specific relationship with mental functions. Detailed knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the sensory organs clarified the varied functions of the nervous system. As a result, the naive mechanistic models of the human psyche which had been formulated by Descartes were described in terms of the new knowledge and eventually replaced with the mechanistic models of behavioral psychology. the belief which stems from the rise of behaviourism as an explanation of the learning process..that the process of learning is a matter of conditioning and involves the conscious prt of the bran only An objective account of education as school education depends on an understanding of the issues in a historical context. American mass education is a product of three centuries of economic revolution. The present era of 'economic man' and economic exploitation is the long term result of the Puritan values of Protestantism ...their takeover of power in government, together with the interplay of the values of science and objective measurement resulting from two centuries of scientific revolution.
Concepts and metaphors: whole systems, integral, ecological vs. materialism, positivism, economic rationalism, modernism
Holistic science produces ecological worldview
Shift from the mechanistic worldview of reductionism to the ecological worldview of holistic science
Important to understand the values - implicit assumptions - underpinning worldviews
Bonobo scientific name is Pan Paniscus
Contemplation is a creative power
Love... differentiate between ‘eros love’ and ‘agape love’... altruism… compassion incorporating intelligence…
‘Theosophy’ is spiritual wisdom
Tanner Lectures on Human Values University of Utah
see Damasio The Minded Brain
dictionary online: www.hyperdictionary.com
BOOKS online Reactor-Core www.reactor-core.org/
Deschooling Society by Ivan Illich www.reactor-core.org/deschooling.html
Evolution and Ethics by Sir Arthur Keith www.reactor-core.org/evolution-and-ethics.html
Betrayal of Adam www.reactor-core.org/betrayal-of-adam-smith.html
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Online Library www.questia.com (subscribe for 20 dollars per month)
Find American Education Research Association (AERA)
National School Reform Policy
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Ontological subjectivity Searle 1992
‘critical’ is sceptical and non-dogmatic
de Bono ‘lateral’ vs. ‘vertical’ thinking
“When the task is done beforehand (in the mind) , then it is easy” (Chinese proverb)
Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins
Book: Assagioli Psychosynthesis: Psychology with a Soul
Schippensburg University www.ship.edu
Robert Anelme The Human Species (original is in French)
Human survival depends on learning which is effective because it produces creative or 'adaptive' behaviour. Human adaptability depends on the instinctive drive to make meaning of complex environmental stimuli or 'learn'. Learning which is relevant for adaptability is 'meaningful learning'. an education for initiative and intrinsic motivation... self-evaluation...
Transformative learning involves structural shift in the basic premises of thought, feeling and behaviour i.e. shift in consciousness which permanently alters the person’s point of view or ‘worldview’.
Personalised learning: the learner and the teacher are co-creators of the content of the learning process.
“Different worldviews can lead to either expanded or limited domains. Domains within holistic education emphasize multidimensionality, wholeness, multiple perspectives, love as caring…” John Miller Holistic Curriculum
Concepts and metaphors: whole systems, integral, ecological vs. materialism, positivism, economic rationalism, modernism
“Inevitably the ideal of holistic education is based ultimately upon a certain picture of human nature and the human condition; and that is relevant to the life of each and every human individual.” (Dr. John Wilson)
Reductionist science produces mechanistic worldview – universe is a mechanical system composed of elementary building h…
Soul nourishing education is a fundamental human right
Being is about fully experiencing the present moment...
Religion is absurd for the self-responsible rational individual.
WISDOM IS KINDNESS “What wisdom can you find that is greater than kindness?” Jean Jacques Rousseau
“My religion is kindness" Dalai Lama
Different understandings of education cultivate different avenues of human possibility.
Education is a quest for meaning, integration and wholeness… renewal of eroded human values which transcend economics and are necessary for responsible action.
Education is the foundation of democracy
Education is the art of cultivating the moral, emotional, physical, psychological and spiritual dimensions of the developing child.
Montessori spoke of 'cosmic education' . Each person should be educated to feel part of the wholeness of the universe. There is no one best way. There are many 'paths of learning'.
EDUCATION FOR LIFE Iis preparation to meet the challenges of life... learning is lifelong...'lifelong learning'
Socially responsible education spiritual freedom in education
Holistic education: integration of the spiritual dimension of human nature in education. Holistic Education is Integral Education.
Holistic education is education for peace and communion with the world.
Holistic education is education for optimal human development
Holistic education is education for renewal of eroded human values which transcend economics and are necessary for responsible action.
Have faith in the child’s integrity and ability.
Holistic thinking vs. mechanistic post-industrial=post-modern ('modern' refers to 'industrial')
Holistic education emphasises wholeness, multidimensionality, multiple perspectives...
Holistic education considers the whole prson - physical, mental, emotional, spiritual... holistic educator values the intrapersonal, interpersonal, transpersonal... connectedness and caring or 'love'.
Personalised learning: the learner and the teacher are co-creators of the content of the learning process.
According to the findings of 'psychiatry' and 'psychoanalysis' sound psychological health is measured by the degree to which individuals relate to others.
The potential for wellness defines the essence of human nature.
National Society for Experiential Education 3509 Haworth Drive Suite 207 Raleigh NC 27609-7229 Tel. 919/787-3263
1. The Outcomes of a Montessori Education
2. National Society for Experiential Education
Book: Cognition, Teaching, Assessment Michael Pressley, Christine McCormack
An Overview of the Brain 2. Cosmic Insights - Thought, Intuition and Perception
1. Stephen Heinemann PhD (Salk Institute Center for Neural Processes and Cognition): Neuroweb - Neurosciences on the Internet "The regulation of synaptic function during learning and memory formation
goal - to understand the molecular biology of learning
2. University of Pittsburgh and University of Edinburgh Cognitive Sciences Department... Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 3. Molecular Mechanisms in the Regulation of Synaptic Transmission. Johns Hopkins Medical School
4. Synapse - The Movie needs a Plug-In Illustrates current models of synaptic structure and function using graphical animations - observe activity in the chemical synapse at both the cellular and molecular levels
3. The Cognitive Neurosciences edited by Michael Gazzaniga (book
4. Links to the Neurosciences
5. Neuronal Networks: the human brain and learning Christos Stergiou
Experiential learning is authentic Learning
Book - The Mindless School by Kay Burke
. Reconnecting with nature ..Project Nature Connect http.www. pacific rim.net/nature/c future html
3. Alternative Education Resources Group (AERG)
The center for educational integration http: www ddrinc.com/cei. html
4. holistic internet community David Lazaroff
Good Works Home Page
1. Schooling: Liberation or Mind Control? 2. Palliative For Wandering Attention 3. Global Village School
UTK (University of Tennesse Knoxville) College of Education Holistic learning/teaching 3.
Wholistic World Vision Book Rising Out of Chaos by Simon Peter Fuller
Holistic Internet Community (tm) Directory 2. Holistic Science (Book: Project Mind by T. Kun)
1. The Inner Consultation (book) 2. ** Neuro Linguisitic Programming (NLP) by Joseph O'Connor
Murray Mayberry. Learning, Memory and Cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology
4. Unconscious Knowledge 5. ** Cognitive Science and Psychology 6. ** The Hologram: The Collective Unconscious and the Rising Tide of Spirituality
Theodore Roszak. Awakening the Ecological Unconscious
Duane Elgin Voluntary Simplicity New York, NY William Morrow 1993
Robert Ornstein and Paul Erlich New World, New Mind New York, NY Doubleday 1989