link: function of conscience  

                            PROTECTIVE MECHANISM FOR PERSONALITY INTEGRATION:

                                     FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN CONSCIENCE OR 'SOUL'

theme: The human conscience is the guardian of personality integration or 'personal integrity' during process of social adaptation.

The science of value or 'moral science' is the study of the normal development of natural morality of moral consciousness or 'conscience'  The human conscience is an instinctive valuing process based on the unconscious perception of the nature of the human personality or 'human nature'. Human nature can be defined in terms of the morality of developed conscience - the human 'spirit' or 'soul'.

"We all have an 'intrinsic conscience' which is based on the unconscious and preconscious perception of our own nature, of our own destiny, of our own capacities, of our own 'call' in life." (Maslow, A. Toward a Psychology of Being. page 7)  

(Martin Luther King personifies 'freedom of conscience')

derivation of the word 'conscience'...   conscience as moral consciousness: an 'emergent property' of the brain...

 intelligence of conscience or 'intuition'...

 conscience as source of human values...    required for adaptability.. maintenance of personal integrity...    product of evolutionary processes..

development of rational conscience and 'sociocognitive stages'...

development of conscience depends on respect for human needs...   right conditions for growth...   need for unconditional love...   ...depends on holistic education...

ethics as function of humanistic conscience...   'ethics' as ethical reasoning...   ...depends on holistic perception...

Ethics is a matter of 'humanistic conscience': "The word 'ethics' comes from a root which means, originally, custom, and eventually, ethics comes to mean the science dealing with the ideal of human relatedness. This confusion between custom and ideals still exists in the minds of many people."(169) Sometimes the term 'ethics' is used to refer to a code of behavior which is desirable for a given situation. There is a code of medical ethics, business ethics, military ethics. In the great philosophical tradition, "ethics is not a code of behavior valid in reference to this or that person or to this or that situation but to all human beings ...and for everything that is alive."(170) "There is only universal human ethics applied to specific human situations."(170) Searated from universal human ethics, a 'code of ethics' for a specific situation can easily degenerate into a code which serves the interests of those within that situation. 'Medical ethics' can become a code of ethics which serves the interests of those in the medical 'profession.' 'Business ethics' can become a code of ethics serving the interests of those in 'business.' Ethics is a matter of 'conscience' - (See Man for Himself) not the authoritarian 'conscience' or 'superego,' the internalized power of the father and 'society.' Ethics is a matter of "humanistic conscience" - "an inner voice that calls us back to ourselves." "Ourselves' refers to the "inner core common to all men" or 'human nature.' (171) (ERICH FROMM, 1963, THE DOGMA OF CHRIST, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, Chicago, San Francisco)

Abraham Maslow: "The guiding values which have been prescribed by religions and philosophies can be found within a person's consciousness" Maslow arrived at the conclusion that man has a 'natural personality' which is basically good. He claimed that social mores evolved in accordance with basic biological needs and environmental contingencies by a process analagous to 'natural selection.'  The hierarchy of needs in terms of urgency or 'potency' led to the classification of 'lower' psychological needs for self-esteem - 'ego-needs' - and 'higher' psychological needs for growth - spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'... Being-Values of truth, beauty, transcendance... needs for philosophy, religion etc. The failure to satisfy metaneeds may result in  forms of pathology analagous to those resulting from unsatisfied lower neeeds i.e. 'metapathology'. The religious and philosophical facets of life are as intrinsic to human nature as any e transcendant, religious, esthetic, and philosophical facets of life are as real and intrinsic to human nature as any of the obviously biological ones.

' What is conscience? The word 'conscience' is derived from the Latin word 'conscientia' which means 'knowledge within oneself'... self-knowledge'. Conscience is the unconscious part of the mind which possesses the intrinsic knowledge of human values or 'natural knowledge' of 'moral consciousness'. The conscience is the biologically based intrinsic valuing system or process, the unconscious perception of the inner core of human values or 'spiritual values' which characterise the nature of the human personality or 'human nature'. Human nature is a social nature. Spiritual values are social values which function in the interconnectedness of individuals.... 

The conscience as moral consciousness... 'moral intelligence'... is an 'emergent property' of the brain... An emergent property of a system is one which can be explained by the behaviour of the elements of the system even though the elements themselves do not have that property.... a clear example of an emergant property is the liquid property of water... though the water molecules themselves are not liquid, their chemical behaviour results in the liquid property of water... The brain is an organ - an organic machine - an organic system composed of elements which include the neurons and their interconnections, the synapses. A biological structure of extreme complexity, the brain consists of more than one hundred billion neurons. And on each neuron there might be from several hundred to several tens of millions of synaptic connections. As a result of the behaviour of these elements of the brain, a property emerges... emergent property... which is known as the 'conscience'. The property of the brain which is called 'conscience' can be explained by the behaviour of the molecules which are associated with brain functioning... the nerve cells and their interconnections... thus the brain is a machine which produces the conscience as an emergent property resulting from the behaviour of the elements of which it is made up...

The human organism as a social organism depends for survival on social cooperation...  development of conscience is required for survival of the human organism as a social organism.

The intrinsic conscience derives from the knowledge of human nature and functions as the guardian of personality integration as it matures in a process of psychological and moral or 'spiritual' growth.

The human conscience is the product of evolutionary processes. The human organism depends on the conscience for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species.

Intelligence of developed conscience or 'intuition' With the guiding values of a rational conscience, the individual perceives the social predicaments and dilemmas as problems which can be solved.. and not as having the power to destroy. Life is difficult because the process of confronting and solving life's problems is a difficult one. The basic set of tools required is discipline - discipline of the conscience and its inherent human values. The biological basis of human values as components of a natural valuing process - the intrinsic conscience - and evolution of conscience as the source of human morality:

Conscience is an emergent property of the human 'brain'.

 Conscience as the product of evolutionary processes.

As a biological mechanism which has survival value to the human organism, the conscience has evolved through the evolutionary process of natural selection. The human conscience evolved as a biological mechanism for the preservation and integration of the integrated personality for sucessful adaptation to changing social conditions.

The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism. The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system which is developed as a protection for the integrated human organism.  As a biological mechanism for personality integration, the human conscience is the product of evolutionary processes.

 Of survival value to the human organism as a social organism, the human conscience evolved as a mechanism for the integration of personality and character in a changing social environment. 

The human conscience is the core of human values which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the human organism's need to adapt to a complex social environment.

 The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system which is developed as a protection for the integrated personality of the human organism. The human organism depends on the conscience - the 'spirit - for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species. Development of the human conscience is necessary for the survival of the human organism in a complex social environment and the human species in a cmplex intercultural environment. Development of the human conscience is confluent with natural respect for the dignity of human existence. The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism.

Normal psychological growth involves the development of a natural valuing process which is manifest in the proper development of the human conscience.

. The development of the intrinsic valuing process is a function of the development of the human conscience. Ethics are values. The values for the human organism are biologically based 'organismic values' or 'operative values'.... components of the intrinsic valuing system of the human organism. The complete development of the intrinsic valuing system coincides with the full development of the human 'conscience'

Conscience is the biological mechanism for maintenance of integration of the human personality in a complex social environment ... .biological function of the human conscience is preservation of personality integration required for adaptation to changing social environment i.e. 'adaptability'

The function of the conscience can be understood in terms of the perspective of biological principles i.e. the evolution of the human organism as a social organism and the mechanisms of adaptation and natural selection. The human organism like any other biological organism, behaves according to an organismic valuing process...'operative values' ... which enables it to adapt to changing conditions.

 Adaptation to changes in a complex social environment is possible with the full development of the conscience and its core of human values. Development of the human conscience is necessary for the preservation of the integrated personality in a complex social environment.

on the protection and preservation of the integrated personality in changing social conditions. A biological mechanism for the protection and preservation of personality integration is the intrinsic valuing process known as the 'intrinsic conscience'. The intrinsic conscience is an instinctive, naturalistic, psychological value system or valuing process ..which is based on the unconscious perception of human nature and human needs.

 The human conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality... the biological mechanism for the maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment... a protective mechanism for the preservation of personal integrity in the complexities of social life.. intrinsic valuing system which functions as guardian of personality integration. Conscience is the 'guardian of integrity' necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization... guardian of personal integrity and love for the self... the individual's true self-interest to fulfill their own human potential.

The human conscience is the core of human values which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the human organism's need to adapt to a complex social environment. The human conscience is the biological mechanism for the maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment. The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system which is developed as a protection for the integrated personality of the human organism. The human organism depends on the conscience - the 'spirit - for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species. Development of the human conscience is necessary for the survival of the human organism in a complex social environment and the human species in a cmplex intercultural environment. Development of the human conscience is confluent with natural respect for the dignity of human existence. The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism. As a biological mechanism for personality integration, the human conscience is the product of evolutionary processes. Normal psychological growth involves the development of a natural valuing process which is manifest in the proper development of the human conscience. Of survival value to the human organism as a social organism, the human conscience evolved as a mechanism for the integration of personality and character in a changing social environment. The development of the intrinsic valuing process is a function of the development of the human conscience. Ethics are values. The values for the human organism are organismic values or 'operative values'. Organismic values are biologically based. They are components of the biologically based value system, the intrinsic valuing system of the human organism. The complete development of the intrinsic valuing system coincides with the full development of the human 'conscience'

 The human conscience is the human 'spirit'... the guardian of the integration of the human personality. The human conscience is the core of human values which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the human organism's need to adapt to a complex social environment.

Human moral development - the development of 'morality' - is a function of the psychobiological development of the human conscience. Morality is a function of human moral development and the intrinsic valuing process of the conscience... the natural valuing process of the human organism... the organismic valuing process...

Development of the human conscience results in humanistic morality or 'free' morality as opposed to authoritarian morality or moralism... Free morality is morality based on inner freedom. Development of free morality is a result of development with inner freedom. ...biological basis of the so-called higher values... human nature as the mature mind. Moral science ...is the science of moral development or development of 'morality'. Morality is biologically based. The development of morality is the development of the natural valuing process which is a part of normal human development. The normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience. Development of the human conscience is a function of the integrated development of personality and character in the context of inner freedom.

Conscience as the source of human values  

The human conscience is the expression of the instinctive valuing process based on the subconscious perception of the nature of the human personality or 'human nature'. Human nature is defined in terms of values for living i.e. 'human values'. Human values are the 'spiritual values' prescribed by the various religions - truth, love, charity, justice, beauty ... The seat of the individual's intrinsic spirituality - the 'soul' - is the conscience or 'human spirit'. Human values are a function of natural psychological and spiritual development or 'spiritual growth'.

Spiritual growth occurs in the context of freedom from the rigidity of dogmatic thinking i.e. 'spiritual freedom' or 'inner freedom'

The human organism as a social organism depends on developed conscience for adaptation to changing social conditions  Survival of the human organism depends on the ability of the individual to make correct evaluations of a changing social environment... Development of the human conscience is necessary for the survival of the human organism in a complex social environment and the human species in a complex intercultural environment. The human organism depends on the conscience - the 'spirit - for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species. The human organism is a social organism and a member of a social species. Like any other species, the human species depends for survival on the ability to adapt to changing environments and conditions i.e. 'adaptability'. Human adaptability depends on 'cognitive intelligence' or 'reason'. The human capacity for reason depends on emotional or 'moral intelligence' i.e. 'social intelligence'. Social intelligence is a function of the protection and preservation of personal integrity involving the intrinsic valuing process of moral consciousness or 'conscience'. The word 'conscience' is derived from Latinconscientia (‘con’ meaning 'with' and scire meaning 'to know') or 'moral awareness'.  Developed conscience is awareness or 'inner knowledge' of moral values or 'virtues' i.e. 'moral consciousness' or 'morality'. Conscience is an emergent property of the social 'brain' - the 'moral faculty' upon which the human organism depends for survival.

The function of conscience is to preserve the integrity of the personality during the process of adaptation to changing social conditions.

...Development of rational conscience... 'moral development' occurs in stages of thinking or 'cognition' i.e. 'sociocognitive stages'. Each stage is representative of the developing awareness of human values as they are raised from the unconscious level of brain functioning to the conscious level. The natural outcome of moral development is the conscious awareness of the morality of developed conscience -the understanding of natural moral knowledge - 'self-knowledge' of 'natural ethics'. The natural ethics of 'goodness' or 'virtue' evolved as a result of their survival value to the human organism as a social organism. Virtues are most ffective in social adaptation. Knowledge of virtue is an aspect of the fully integrated personality with properly developed conscience which results from optimal psychological growth. Healthy psychological development results in the unfolding or 'actualisation' of the mature conscience i.e. 'self-actualisation'. Self-actualisation is the manifestation of the human potential for creativeness, spontaneity, self-hood, authenticity,  beauty and truth, compassion and caring i.e. spiritual growth to maturity of ego-transcendance or 'self-transcendance'.

Possibility for self-transcendance is the aim of the 'consciousness disciplines'.

... depends on the right conditions for growth...   Each human individual is born with the biological potential for development of a rational conscience. Rational conscience is the expression of natural human ethics i.e. 'rational ethics'.  Rational ethics is a function of rational and ethical thought i.e. ethical reasoning or 'ethical rationality'. Ethical rationality involves integration of the emotional or 'affective' with the reasoning or 'intellectual' aspects of the personality i.e. 'character'. Both are essential components. Development of ethical rationality depends on social and cultural conditions which foster the development of creativity and productivness i.e. 'work'. Meaningful work is  based on concentration in the context of freedom from dogmatic belief and rigid thinking i.e. A conscience based on inner freedom is the source of humanistic morality or 'free morality'.  Free morality is based on inner freedom to develop maturity of developed conscience. The individual who is inwardly free - the moral being or 'free spirit' - obeys their humanistic and free 'rational' developed conscience. Development of rational conscience depends on favorable social conditions for growth and development... the favorable learning environment i.e. 'education'. Education of the developing human organism depends on the proper development of conscience - spiritual growth or 'moral development'.

Moral development is a function of integration of character and depends on the complete development of the whole or 'healthy' personality.   

 ...depends on respect for human needs fulfillment of human needs for unconditional love, freedom to work etc.Development of conscience depends on respect for the human motives for behaviour i.e. 'human needs'. There is a hierarchy of needs in terms of urgency or 'prepotency'. The range of human needs includes the most prepotent physiological 'survival needs' for physical security - food, water, shelter and so on; the so-called 'basic psychological needs' or 'ego-needs' for psychological security and belongingness or 'self-esteem - communication of care and affection; the 'higher psychological needs' for spiritual growth - the 'growth needs' or 'spiritual needs' (spiritual love, lovingkindness or 'compassion') for self or 'ego-transcendance' i.e. 'metaneeds' for maturity as 'mature growth' or 'self-actualisation'.  

Development of the conscience is a function of personality or 'moral development'.

 Unconditional love is necessary for the proper development of conscience... Development of conscience depends on unconditional parental love.Development of morality and the human conscience depends on unconditional parental love....source of security... unconditional parental love is a biological need because it is necessary for the proper development of conscience... a biologicasl phenomenon which is the guardian of the individual's integrity... necessary for self-preservation. Love is a basic need because it is like food for the body. Love is food for the spirit... the conscience. Proper psychological development is possible with love.

Development of the human conscience is necessary for the survival of the human organism in a complex social environment and the human species in a complex intercultural environment.

Rational conscience is a function of 'ethical reasoning'... a mental process in which the conscious mind is synchronized with the unconscious mind.  Powerful emotional forces become aligned and harmonized through intrinsically non-rational engagement of the individual's emotional motivation which interacts with harmonious relationships of emotionally significant others. The rational intellect selects and arranges the experience. The crux of the interaction is the emotional experience of alignment and harmonization of the intellectual forces of the conscious mind with the motivational forces of the unconscious mind or 'motivational state'. The resulting conscience is rational or irrational depending on the degree of maturity of the individual's motivational state.

The rational conscience is a naturally flexible system of ethical rationality characterized by a perception of reality which is global or 'holistic' i.e. 'holistic perception'. Holistic perception emphasizes the connections between things  and eliminates the distortions of ego-centeredness and the dichotomous perception of human nature. Holistic perception is necessary for the accurate evaluation of the social environment i.e. 'sanity'.  

Ethical reasoning depends on perception of the whole or 'holistic perception'

Sanity is a function of 'health' or 'wholeness' i.e. 'wellness'.

Holistic perception depends on education of the person as a whole... 'holistic education'

meaningful work   An educational environment which favours creativity and productivity or 'work' also provides the conditions which are necessary for the promotion of spiritual growth and morality of a rational conscience. the psychological development of moral consciousness or 'spiritual growth... As part of normal human development and psychological growth, spiritual growth is a process of construction of the rational conscience... and is based on the fundamental dignity of human existence and the human need for concentration on work in the context of inner freedom. The unobstructed development of conscience through work depends on the biologically based human need for 'spiritual love' (also 'universal love', 'universal brotherhood', 'agape') or 'unconditional love' - the source of security necessary for normal psychological growth.

Unconditional love is the solidarity between human beings based on the fundamental respect for the dignity of human existence and human needs.

"Unconditional love is an essential for the child's normal development, and when this is refused, the environment comes to be dreaded... - it is perceived as a menace to his individuality, his development, his instinctive strivings to grow, his freedom and his happiness. In an environment in which the basic anxiety develops, the child's free use of energies is thwarted, his self-esteem and self-relaince are undermined, fear is instilled by intimidation and isolation, his expansiveness is warped through brutality or overprotective 'love'." (Horney, Karen, M.D. Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization 1956.)  

Humanistic morality or 'free morality' (as opposed to authoritarian morality of 'moralism') results from moral development... development of the humanistic conscience (as opposed to the 'authoritarian conscience') a function of normal or 'healthy' human psychological development.

 Development of the human conscience results in humanistic morality or 'free' morality Development of free morality is a result of development with inner freedom. Free morality is morality based on inner freedom. Free morality is humanistic morality based on the full development of the human conscience.

"Acting out of freedom does not exclude the moral laws; it includes them, but shows itself to be on a higher level than those actions which are merely dictated by such laws". (Rudolph Steiner)

Moral development is development of the human conscience. . Development of conscience depends on natural development with inner freedom i.e. 'free morality'.  Free morality based on inner freedom is not the same as morality based on external authority i.e. 'moralism'.

"Humanistic conscience is based on the knowledge of man's nature. The great tradition of humanistic ethical thought is based on a wholistic perspective of man in his 'physico-spiritual totality'. It is based on the belief that man's aim is to be himself, and that the condition for attaining this goal is that man be for himself. It is based on the premise that one has to know the nature of man in order to formulate valid ethical codes. Based on the validity of man's autonomy, valid ethical norms are formed by man's reason." (Fromm Man For Himself 7)

 Lack of unconditional love leads to thwarted psychological development or 'arrested development' and immorality of irrational conscience  i.e. 'neurosis'

Normal psychological growth involves the development of a natural valuing process which is a function of the development of the human conscience.

The problem of psychic health and neurosis is connected to ethics. Problems of neurosis are moral problems. The failure to achieve maturity and integration of the whole personality is a moral failure

    Unconditional love is a basic biological need because it is the source of security which is necessary for spiritual growth and construction of rational conscience. If the right conditions are lacking - in the absence of spiritual love - then the  the rational conscience fails to develop and the result is 'neurotic growth'  or 'neurotic development'  i.e. 'neurosis'. Neurosis leads to the immorality of irrational conscience - the ‘superego’ or 'authoritarian conscience'.  Humanistic conscience is not the same as 'authoritarian' conscience.

Authoritarian conscience is the source of ego-centeredness which gives rise to the 'vices' of human wickedness i.e. 'evil'.

Implications for education: 'soul' in education involves development of conscience The conscience has a strong influence on the emotional or 'affective' component of the personality as well as the reasoning or 'intellectual' component. The level of development of conscience has a profound effect on the affective and intellectual aspects of the learning process. It is therefore of great significance to the theoretical basis of 'holistic education'. Holistic education focuses on the development of the whole person including the spirituality of their intrinsic conscience thereby resolving the so-called 'problem of ethics'.

Holistic education fosters the development of human intelligence as the combination of wisdom of compassion with understanding of reason i.e. 'conscience' or 'soul'.

Education for happiness as harmony or 'oneness' with the world and preserving the integrity of one's 'self'... finding the answer to the problem of human existence... the productive realization of one's potentialities and thus simultaneously.  "Happiness is man's greatest achievement; it is the response of his total personality to a productive orientation toward himself and the world outside".(Fromm)

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references:

Lowry, Richard J., "A.H. Maslow: An Intellectual Portrait" Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., Monterey, California, l973

Maslow, Abraham. Toward a Psychology of Being. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. New York: 1962  ______________________________________________________________________________

notes:

Ethical values of moral consciousness or 'conscience'  Ethics is a matter of 'conscience' - not the authoritarian conscience or 'superego' which represents the internalization of parental or societal authority.

As the inner core of human values the rational human conscience represents 'human nature'. 

The science of value - moral science - the scientific study of human morality... study of the development of the human intrinsic value system... investigates the natural origins of human values and the human conscience...investigates ethics from the perspective of biology...the biology of the human organism - homo sapiens - as a social animal ...the biological basis of human values... our most human values have a biological basis. Like other species of the animal kingdom, the human animal behaves according to an organismic valuing process... enables him to adapt to his changing social environment. This is the 'nature of man'.

The science of value is the study of the natural valuing process as a part of normal human development... Moral development is development of the human 'conscience'...  Ethics is a matter of natural human values shared by all human individuals... the human conscience.

The conscience is moral consciousness. The rational human conscience is the inner core of human values and represents the nature of 'human nature'. The human conscience is the human 'spirit. Developed conscience is the source of the human so-called 'divine' values... the conscience is the unconscious part of the mind which possesses the natural knowledge of the organism... it is the part of the mind which is common to all humanity ...the 'collective unconscious' (Jung's term). Conscience is the guide for human behavior... based on the unconscious perception of human nature, the human intrinsic conscience is the 'voice' of the natural intrinsic valuing process within the human organism - the biologically based organismic valuing process. Biological function of the human conscience....the function of the conscience is the preservation of the integrity of the core of human values - 'virtues' - which have evolved through natural selection as a result of their survival value... necessary for successful adaptation of the human organism to changing social conditions... 'guardian of integrity' necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization ...the guardian of the individual's true self-interest...of survival value to the human organism as a social organism, the human conscience evolved as a mechanism for the integration of personality and character in a changing social environment. The human conscience is the biological mechanism for the integration and preservation... maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment... for the preservation of personal integrity... a protective mechanism for the integration of the human personality... natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality ... developed as a protection for the integrated personality of the human organism. .. ....adaptation to complex changing social environments. The conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality - Conscience is the 'guardian of integrity' necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization... Conscience is a reaction of ourselves to ourselves. It is the voice of our true selves, which summons us back to ourselves, to live productively, to develop fully and harmoniously - that is to become what we potentially are. It is the guardian of our integrity...of our love for ourselves. As a biological mechanism for the preservation of personal integrity, the function of the conscience is the successful adaptation of the human organism to changing social conditions. ...of the preservation of personal integrity... of the integration of the human personality...which is necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization... the guardian of human potential ... It is the guardian of human integrity... of love for the self.....guardian of personal integrity and personality integration...the guardian of true self-interest... ...the function of the conscience is to preserve the integrity of the core of human values - 'virtues' - which have evolved through natural selection as a result of their survival value to the human organism as a social organism, to the human organism and its need to adapt to a complex social environment... to changing social environments... necessary for successful adaptation of the human organism to changing social conditions. The human conscience is the core of human values which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the human organism's need to adapt to changes in a complex social environment. Conscience is necessary for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species... human organism ...as a social organism depending on social cooperation for survival... Development of the human conscience is necessary for the survival of the human organism in a complex social environment... with developed human conscience the organism can see that human social situations - predicaments and dilemmas do not have the power to destroy... Survival of the human species depends on the specialized brain functions for learning and social intelligence...human intelligence is part of the human genetic heritage... The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system ..the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism...the core of human values ... the basis of human spiritual values... the guide for human behavior in a changing social environment... based on the unconscious perception of human nature, the human intrinsic conscience is the 'voice' of the natural valuing process within the human organism - the organismic valuing process...the normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience... the characteristic 'humaness' of the human organism is based on complete development of the human conscience. The human conscience is the guardian of the integration of the human personality... The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism... The human conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality... The human conscience is the biological mechanism for the maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment. Conscience is the voice of the true self to live productively, to develop fully and harmoniously... to attain self-actualization ...for the successful adaptation of the organism to changing social conditions...The human conscience is a reaction of the whole human organism to its own functioning... through the conscience the organism reacts to itself... a reaction of the self to the self... to reach to fulfill one's human potential The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system which is developed as a protection for the integrated human organism. a biologicasl phenomenon which is the guardian of the individual's integrity... necessary for self-preservation. life is difficult ...this is one of the greatest truths.... ...what makes life difficult is that the process of confronting and solving problems is a difficult one.. discipline is the basic set of tools we require to solve life's problems... discipline from the conscience... techniques of suffering ... are the means by which we experience the pain of problems in such a way as to work them through and solve them successfully...through suffering one works through problems... The human conscience is the human 'spirit'. Developed conscience is the source of 'divine' values... Biologically based value system is the intrinsic valuing system based on the full development of the conscience. The characteristic 'humanness' or 'humanity' of the human organism is based on complete development of the human conscience - human self-development and self-fulfillment ... the 'humanity' of the self-actualized individual is characterized by the core of human values which are shared with other individuals of the human species. Ethics are values - operative values are organismic values. The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system ...the core of human values - the human 'spirit'... the basis of human spiritual values... Conscience is the guide for behavior based on the unconscious perception of human nature, the human intrinsic conscience is the 'voice' of the natural intrinsic valuing process within the human organism - the organismic valuing process. The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism... The human conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality... The human conscience is the biological mechanism for the maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment. Conscience is the voice of the true self to live productively, to develop fully and harmoniously... to attain self-actualization ...for the successful adaptation of the organism to changing social conditions...The human conscience is a reaction of the whole human organism to its own functioning... through the conscience the organism reacts to itself... a reaction of the self to the self... to reach to fulfill one's human potential

The development of the human 'conscience' is the basis for moral development or the development of 'morality'. Moral development is development of the human conscience. The understanding of the development of morality depends on the understanding of the human being as a biological social organism The human brain is a 'social brain'.

Morality is not the same as 'codes of ethics'. Ethics are values. The values for the human organism are organismic values or  'operative values'. Organismic values are biologically based.

 Morality is biologically based. The development of morality is the development of the natural valuing process which is a part of normal human development. The normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience. Conscience is the biological mechanism for maintenance of integration of the human personality in a complex social environment.

As organismic values, human values are components of the biologically based value system, the intrinsic valuing system of the human organism...

Ethics is not a matter of the authoritarian conscience or 'superego' (internalized authority of father or society). Ethics is a matter of 'humanistic conscience' - the inner core of human values which is common to all human beings - natural value judgements of the human organism i.e. 'natural ethics'.

The complete development of the intrinsic valuing system coincides with the full development of the human 'conscience' ... 'social intelligence'. Social intelligence is a function of the full development of the human conscience.

 Normal psychological growth involves the development of a natural valuing process which is manifest in the proper development of the human conscience.

 THE SCIENCE OF ETHICS IS THE STUDY OF MORALITY ...COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT (INTELLIGENCE) AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT (MORALITY) GO TOGETHER.

 at the highest levels of personality and cultural development, a reality is perceived which is independent of distorted human perceptions. This is the 'ultimate reality' which is described in terms of the 'B-Values'. The natural valuing process is a part of normal human development. Cognitive and moral development go together. Development of morality and intelligence go together.

Morality is a function of intelligence and inward freedom...Morality is a function of maturity and social intelligence.  Psychological health - 'self-actualization'- is prerequisite for social intelligence and healthy society and culture. Development of morality and the human conscience depends on unconditional productive love.

 The development of morality is the development of the natural valuing process which is a part of normal human development The normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human Development of the human conscience is a function of the human need for unconditional love . The human individual is the source of all morality.

 moral development . The valuing process of the human organism is a function of the psychobiological development of the human conscience... .The normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience... development of morality resuts from the full development of the human conscience.

 man has a 'natural personality' which is basically good.. manifest in the natural unfolding of human potentialities in normal human development during which the natural norms for ethical living are discovered according to the laws of nature. the good or clear conscience produces a feeling of inner approval... of rightness resulting from actions, thoughts, and feelings which are conducive to the integration of the whole personality. The guilty conscience is a feeling of inner disapproval ...of wrongness resulting from actions, thoughts, and feelings which are injurious to the integration of the total personality producing a feeling of uneasiness and discomfort. In addition to the conscience, each individual has a unique potentiality manifested in a personal decision making process which is based on his own will, responsibility, strength, courage and needs.

 Biological basis of the so-called 'higher' values... human nature as the mature mind...

Biological basis of natural valuing process or organismic valuing process... 'biology of ethics'...

Fundamental sincerity is the basis of morality... 'intrinsic conscience' is based on the unconscious and preconscious perception of human nature

Natural outcome of normal human development is the human conscience... the characteristic 'humanness' or 'humanity' of the human organism is based on complete development of the human conscience - human self-development and self-fulfillment ...

 "There is a need for anthropological genetics." .

..the absence of fear, and is obtained only by the man who has prudence and foresight and thus is ready to reject immediate gratification for the sake of permament and tranquil satisfaction

Human development: valuing process (natural science of ethics) normal psychological growth coincides with development of the 'conscience'...'intrinsic conscience' - humanistic conscience: ...need for unconditional love and integrated development of personality and character for development of 'conscience' ...

The guiding values which have been prescribed by religions and philosophies can be found within a person's consciousness -

Morality is a function of the development of conscience. We all have an 'intrinsic conscience' which is based on the unconscious and preconscious perception of our own nature, of our own destiny, of our own capacities, of our own 'call' in life

Development of the human conscience is a function of the integrated development of personality and character in the context of inner freedom...obedience to one's own conscience

 In the developing human organism, the proper development of the intrinsic conscience depends on the integrated development of personality and character. As the basis for the proper development of the intrinsic conscience, integration of the whole personality and character depends on the complete development of a psychologically healthy personality. The product of optimal psychological growth is the integrated personality with properly developed intrinsic conscience - the psychologically healthy personality or 'whole' personality (the word 'healthy' comes from 'hael' meaning whole.) An individual's value system is the product of the totality of thought processes within the context of experiences in a changing social environment.

Incomplete psychological development means incomplete development of the human conscience...

 Human development and natural human values... 'morality'.

development of the 'conscience' ...biological valuing process

 Maturity of conscience results from healthy human psychological development. ...accurate evaluation of the social environment depends on fully developed... integrated personality with mature conscience..

Development of the human conscience is confluent with natural respect for the dignity of human existence.

 

MORALITY AS A FUNCTION OF MATURITY AND SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE BIOLOGY OF ETHICS: MORAL SCIENCE ... MORAL DEVELOPMENT - BIOLOGICAL FUNCTION OF CONSCIENCE...BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF THE SO-CALLED 'HIGHER' VALUES - - CONNECT WITH MORALITY AS A FUNCTION OF MATURITY AND SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE... BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF NATURAL VALUING PROCESS OR ORGANISMIC VALUING PROCESS ... HUMANISTIC AS 'FREE' MORALITY... HUMANISTIC MORALITY AS A FUNCTION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMAN CONSCIENCE ...CONNECTION BETWEEN SCIENCE OF ETHICS AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT... HUMAN NATURE AS THE MATURE MIND ..development of the 'conscience'.

MORALITY IS function of rational  CONSCIENCE

development of the human conscience - human self-development and self-fulfillment ... the 'humanity' of the self-actualized individual is characterized by the core of human values which are shared with other individuals of the human species

One cannot place a whole person on a continuum, only an abstracted aspect of a person. Wholenesses are non-comparable. ... 'morality of evolution'...universal value system is based on each person's need to be truthful to their own humanity - their own real self. Development of the human conscience is a function of the human need for unconditional love... the integrated development of personality and character in the context of inner freedom. ...Natural outcome of normal human development is the human conscience...the characteristic 'humanness' or 'humanity' of the human organism is based on complete development of the human conscience - human self-development and self-fulfillment ... the 'humanity' of the self-actualized individual is characterized by the core of human values which are shared with other individuals of the human species.

 As the essential Being of the world is perceived by the person, so also does he concurrently come closer to his own Being, to his own perfection, of being more perfectly himself. .

The more productively one lives, the stronger is one's conscience and in turn, the more it furthers one's productiveness. The less productively one lives, the weaker becomes one's conscience... understand the communications of one's conscience... Listening to oneself ...being alone with oneself... striving to produce and to create because productiveness is the source of strength, freedom and happiness.

the real and rational human conscience is the source of natural value judgements .. the inner core which is common to all human beings, our 'human nature' The rational conscience ...

.the development of conscience is the development of awareness of natural knowledge in the unconscious mind, the 'subconscious'...spiritual growth is the development of consciousness and conscience...development of conscience involves the synchronization of the conscious mind with the unconscious mind... how is it that the unconscious part of the mind possesses all this knowledge? ...necessary for survival of the human species as a social organism depending on social cooperation for survival... ..manifest in the natural unfolding of human potentialities in normal human development during which the natural norms for ethical living are discovered according to the laws of nature.

Morality as 'free morality' or 'natural ethics': is a function of normal human development of the integrated personality and character in the context of inner freedom.... morality is a function of the development of the human conscience... Proper development of the human conscience results in humanistic morality or 'free' morality... based on the full development of the human conscience. Free morality based on inner freedom depends on development of the human conscience. Development of the human conscience... depends on natural human development with inner freedom...  Morality or 'free' morality is morality based on inner freedom ...maturity of conscience results from healthy human psychological development. In the developing human organism, the proper development of the intrinsic conscience depends on the integrated development of personality and character. As the basis for the proper development of the intrinsic conscience, integration of the whole personality and character depends on the complete development of a psychologically healthy personality. The product of optimal psychological growth is the integrated personality with properly developed intrinsic conscience - the psychologically healthy personality or 'whole' personality. the word 'healthy' comes from 'hael' meaning whole.) Developed conscience is wholistic perception of reality - a function of sanity - necessary for correct evaluation of the social environment - eliminates distorted perception of reality and incorrect dichotamous perception of human values perception of reality -'unsane' human conscience is the human 'spirit'...to know, to love, and to serve is the trinomial of all religions, but the child is the true maker of our spirituality... in the child we see how conscience is constructed to determine behaviour and character...according to natural laws of development...the conscience is constructed during growth with inner freedom and concentration on productive work ...what matters is the will... during human development, the components of the human conscience are constructed through concentration and work... interference with concentration, growth and development create obstacles to the free development of the human conscience...and contribute to the mind's imprisonment ...the child becomes human in the true sense only if allowed to grow and develop in freedom...the aim of human development is the self-realization of human productiveness ... experiencing the world both mentally through reason - understanding all dimensions, and emotionally through 'love' - with respect, knowledge, care and responsibilty.

 The nature of the productive character is nature of the human organism... the spontaneous process of self-realization results in the productive character orientation ...a mode of relatedness to the world... the individual recognizes his powers, identifies with them and puts them to productive use. Every human organism is born with the biological potential for development of a productive character and human conscience ...for that potential to be actualized during growth and development, the proper conditions for growth are required ...the 'free spirit' - free conscience - the moral being - is the expression of the basic nature of the human organism... In normal human development - in the context of inner freedom - intellectual and moral development take place together...construction of the conscience involves both intellectual and moral development...a naturalistic, psychological value system derived from the knowedge of human nature...need to recognize the intrinsic spirituality or conscience of the human organism - manifestation of the conscience depends on growth for inner freedom...free morality is based on inner freedom ..

An individual's value system is the product of the totality of the individual's thought processes within the context of experiences in a changing social environment. The human conscience is a reaction of the whole human organism to its own functioning...has a strong influence on the affective (emotional) as well as intellectual (reasoning) components of the personality...value judgements of the human organism ...operative values... criteria for good and bad - are derived from the meaningfulness of human existence... the good or clear conscience produces a feeling of inner approval... of rightness resulting from actions, thoughts, and feelings which are conducive to the integration of the whole personality. The guilty conscience is a feeling of inner disapproval ...of wrongness resulting from actions, thoughts, and feelings which are injurious to the integration of the total personality producing a feeling of uneasiness and discomfort. The source of morality is the human organism... social intelligence as the basis for morality. Social intelligence is the basis of intrinsic valuing process.... survival depends on intelligent social behaviour or 'social intelligence' ...depends on morality...morality and intelligence...the words 'morality' and 'intelligence' describe different aspects of a totality.. Morality is a function of social intelligence. Development of morality is development of social intelligence. Cognitive and moral development go together. Social intelligence incorporates morality and morality incorporates social intelligence... development of intelligence and morality go together ...wholistic perspective of complete cognition, no dichotomy ... Intelligence includes morality and vice versa. A moral value choice is intelligent... an immoral value choice is unintelligent... The social human organism depends for survival on socially intelligent behaviour. A value choice which is moral is socially intelligent; a value choice which is socially intelligent is moral. Moral-intelligent value choices are beneficial to the survival interests of the human organism and to the survival of the human species... Values can be determined only in relation to the human organism's real interests for self-preservation in a changing social environment... development of morality depends on inner freedom and the productive use of human powers and potentialities or 'virtues'. Psychological health - 'self-actualization'- is prerequisite for social intelligence and healthy society and culture. Development of the human conscience is confluent with natural respect for the dignity of human existence. The human conscience is the human 'spirit'. Developed conscience is the source of 'divine' values... Biologically based value system is the intrinsic valuing system based on the full development of the conscience. The characteristic 'humanness' or 'humanity' of the human organism is based on complete . Ethics are values - operative values are organismic values. The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system ...the core of human values - the human 'spirit'... the basis of human spiritual values... The human individual is the source of all morality. Normal psychological growth involves the development of a natural valuing process which is manifest in the proper development of the human conscience. In addition to the conscience, each individual has a unique potentiality manifested in a personal decision making process which is based on his own will, responsibility, strength, courage and needs. Development of conscience depends on unconditional love and concentration through work.

The conscience is 'guardian of our integrity'. The 'evolution of ethics' is a question for sociobiology... a science is the systematic study of the biological basis of all forms of social behavior in all kinds of organisms including the human organism. attributes of homo sapiens: of altruism, ethical values, 'ease of indoctrination' ... have a genetic basis. The science of value or moral science is the study of the human valuing process. The normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience. The biological function of virtues and the value life is the preservation of the integrity of the human being as a social organism...According to the insight of moral universality', 'man is a creature of moral law'. Mature individuals can live together in peace and justice because they naturally do what is right and necessary for communal living.

DEVELOPMENT OF CONSCIENCE: 'SPIRITUAL GROWTH' Spiritual growth is the process of development of the conscience i.e. of moral development and the conscious awareness of the human spiritual values prescribed by the religions i.e. truth, love, charity, justice and so on. As the awareness of natural moral knowledge or 'moral consciousness' the human conscience is the human 'spirit' ... source of the human spiritual values which are required for human survival because they ensure human interconnectedness.

  "A full definition of human nature must include intrinsic values as part of human nature. These intrinsic  values are 'instinctoid' in nature i.e. they are needed a) to avoid illness and b) to achieve fullest humaness  or growth. The illness resulting from deprivation of intrinsic values - the 'metaneeds' - we may call 'metapathologies'. The highest values, the spiritual life and the highest aspirations of mankind are therefore proper subjects for scientific study and research. They are in the world of nature" (Abraham Maslow).

 

The conscience is the the source of human 'spirituality'... the human 'spirit'.

Social values function in the  guidance of for human behaviour in the complexities of changing conditions. The conscience... the 'collective unconscious' (Jung) is common to all human individuals. Conscience is the 'voice within' - the intrinsic valuing procss of moral consciousness or 'morality'. Morality is a matter of the development of the conscience as moral consciousness or 'social intelligence'.

VIRTUES The function of the conscience is the preservation of the integrity of the core of human spiritual values or 'virtues'. Virtues have evolved through natural selection as a result of their survival value to the human organism as a social organism and its need to adapt successfully to the complexities of a social environment and to changing social conditions... for the successful adaptation of the organism to changing social conditions. The pain of problems is experienced by the organism as a whole in its instinctive striving to reach its own potential for complete humanness. The organism reacts to its own functioning by means of the techniques of suffering such as shock, loneliness, depression etc. Social problems are then worked through and solved successfully by way of the rationality and guiding values of the developed conscience. Developed conscience is rational conscience or 'reason'. Rational conscience is the 'real' conscience of human nature.

The real and rational human conscience is the source of the natural, spiritual or 'divine' human values.

IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION Conscience and the role of education - construction of conscience: Conscience is constructed through productiveness  or 'work'.  Construction of the human conscience is dependent on the environmental conditions of an education which fosters natural human development. If the proper conditions are lacking, then the conscience is not developed.

reason... Developed conscience is the basis for human rationality or 'reason'.

 virtues... The function of the conscience is the preservation of the integrity of the core of human spiritual values or 'virtues'.

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The science of value or 'moral science' is the study of the normal development of natural morality i.e. the intrinsic valuing process - the human spirit or 'conscience' which is the source of human morality and the spiritual values. Morality is a function of conscience. The conscience is a biologically based value system involving the operative values. The intrinsic valuing process develops in terms of moral consciousness or 'conscience'. Moral consciousness is a matter of cognition of social values or 'social intelligence'. Human social intelligence evolved as part of the human genetic heritage. Survival of the human organism as a social organism depends on the specialized brain functions for learning and social intelligence which comprises development of the conscience and its intrinsic valuing process.. Morality is a matter of conscience - not the authoritarian conscience or 'superego' which represents the internalization of parental or societal authority but the rational human conscience ...the inner core of human values or 'human nature'.

Conscience is a reaction of the self to the self..the voice of the true self which summons it to live productively, to develop fully and harmoniously - to reach one's potential. The word 'conscience' is derived from the Latin word 'conscientia' meaning 'knowledge within oneself' i.e. knowledge within that part of the mind which is common to all humanity - the 'unconscious'. The conscience is the source of the natural knowledge of human values ... 'divine' values. The guide for human behavior in a changing social environment... based on the unconscious perception of human nature, the human intrinsic conscience is the 'voice' of the natural valuing process within the human organism - the organismic valuing process...the normal development of the natural valuing process results in the complete development of the human conscience... The human conscience is the human 'spirit'. The 'conscience' is moral consciousness. Biological function of the human conscience...the 'conscience' is the biological mechanism for the integration and preservation of the human personality. The conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality - the guardian of the individual's true self-interest. Conscience is the 'guardian of integrity' necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization... The human conscience is the core of human values which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the human organism's need to adapt to a complex social environment. The human conscience is a biologically based intrinsic valuing system which is developed as a protection for the integrated human organism. The human conscience is the human 'spirit... Human 'spirit' is the human conscience... The human organism depends on the conscience - the 'spirit - for survival of the individual organism and survival of the species. The human conscience is the basis of human spiritual values. The human conscience is the guardian of the integration of the human personality. ...guardian of the integration of personality and character ...for the maintenance of the integrated personality ...in a complex social environment... the function of the conscience is the successful adaptation of the human organism to changing social conditions... biologically based intrinsic valuing system... The conscience is the basis of the valuing process intrinsic to the human organism... The human conscience is the core of human values, 'virtues', which have evolved through natural selection as a result of its survival value to the need to adapt to a complex social environment.

SAME TEXT AS TYPED PAGES

 The science of value or 'moral science' is the study of the normal development of natural morality i.e. the intrinsic valuing process - the human spirit or 'conscience' which is the source of human morality and the spiritual values. Morality is a function of conscience. The conscience is a biologically based value system involving the operative values. The intrinsic valuing process develops in terms of moral consciousness or 'conscience'. Moral consciousness is a matter of cognition of social values or 'social intelligence'. Human social intelligence evolved as part of the human genetic heritage. Survival of the human organism as a social organism depends on the specialized brain functions for learning and social intelligence which comprises development of the conscience and its intrinsic valuing process.. Morality is a matter of conscience - not the authoritarian conscience or 'superego' which represents the internalization of parental or societal authority but the rational human conscience ...the inner core of human values or 'human nature'.

 link: function of conscience

FUNCTION OF 'CONSCIENCE': CONSCIENCE AS PROTECTIVE MECHANISM FOR PERSONALITY INTEGRATION. theme: The human conscience is the guardian of personality integration or 'personal integrity'. "We all have an 'intrinsic conscience' which is based on the unconscious and preconscious perception of our own nature, of our own destiny, of our own capacities, of our own 'call' in life." (Abraham Maslow. Toward a Psychology of Being. page 7) The word 'conscience' is derived from the Latin word 'conscientia' which means 'knowledge within oneself'. Conscience is moral consciousness. The conscience is that unconscious part of the mind which possesses the intrinsic knowledge of human values or 'natural knowledge'. The conscience is the biologically based intrinsic valuing system or process, the unconscious perception of the inner core of human values or 'spiritual values' which characterize human nature. As the basis for human spiritual values or 'spirituality', the conscience is the human 'spirit'. The human spirit, the conscience, is the source of human spiritual values which function in the guidance of for human behaviour in the complexities of changing social conditions. The conscience is that part of the mind which is referred to as the 'collective unconscious' (Jung) because it is common to all human individuals. Conscience is the 'voice' within - the intrinsic valuing procss of moral consciousness or 'morality'. Morality is a matter of the development of the conscience as the moral consciousness of social intelligence. The biological function of the human conscience: The function of the conscience can be understood in terms of the perspective of biological principles i.e. the evolution of the human organism as a social organism and the mechanisms of adaptation and natural selection. The human organism depends for survival on social cooperation and like any other biological organism, behaves according to an organismic valuing process which enables it to adapt to changing social conditions. Adaptation to changes in a complex social environment is possible with the full development of the conscience and its core of human values. Development of the human conscience is necessary for the preservation of the integrated personality in a complex social environment. Survival of the human organism as a social organism depends on the protection and preservation of the integrated personality in changing social conditions. A biological mechanism for the protection and preservation of personality integration is the intrinsic valuing process known as the 'intrinsic conscience'. The intrinsic conscience is an instinctive, naturalistic, psychological value system or valuing process which is based on the unconscious perception of human nature and human needs. Development of conscience is required for survival of the human organism as a social organism. The human conscience is the natural expression of a biologically based interest in the properly integrated functioning of the whole personality... the biological mechanism for the maintenance of the integration of the human personality in a complex social environment... a protective mechanism for the preservation of personal integrity in the complexities of social life.. intrinsic valuing system which functions as guardian of personality integration. Conscience is the 'guardian of integrity' necessary for self-preservation and self-actualization... guardian of personal integrity and love for the self... the individual's true self-interest to fulfill their own human potential. The intrinsic conscience derives from the knowledge of human nature and functions as the guardian of personality integration as it matures in a process of psychological and moral or 'spiritual' growth. Spiritual growth is the process of development of the conscience i.e. of moral development and the conscious awareness of the human spiritual values prescribed by the religions i.e. truth, love, charity and so on. As the awareness of natural moral knowledge or 'moral consciousness' the human conscience is the human 'spirit' ... source of the human spiritual which are required for human survival because they ensure human interconnectedness. The function of the conscience is the preservation of the integrity of the core of human spiritual values or 'virtues'. Virtues have evolved through natural selection as a result of their survival value to the human organism as a social organism and its need to adapt successfully to the complexities of a social environment and to changing social conditions... for the successful adaptation of the organism to changing social conditions. The pain of problems is experienced by the organism as a whole in its instinctive striving to reach its own potential for complete humanness. The organism reacts to its own functioning by means of the techniques of suffering such as shock, loneliness, depression etc. Social problems are then worked through and solved successfully by way of the rationality and guiding values of the developed conscience. Developed conscience is rational conscience or 'reason'. Rational conscience is the 'real' conscience of human nature. The real and rational human conscience is the source of the natural, spiritual or 'divine' human values. With the guiding values of a rational conscience, the individual perceives the social predicaments and dilemmas as problems which can be solved.. and not as having the power to destroy. Life is difficult because the process of confronting and solving life's problems is a difficult one. The basic set of tools required is discipline - discipline of the conscience and its inherent human values. The biological basis of human values as components of a natural valuing process - the intrinsic conscience - and evolution of conscience as the source of human morality: As a biological mechanism which has survival value to the human organism, the conscience has evolved through the evolutionary process of natural selection. The human conscience evolved as a biological mechanism for the preservation and integration of the integrated personality for sucessful adaptation to changing social conditions. Conscience and the role of education - construction of conscience: Conscience is constructed through work and through productiveness. Construction of the human conscience is dependent on the environmental conditions of an education which fosters natural human development. If the proper conditions are lacking, then the conscience is not developed.

 links: social intelligence, reason, virtues, education social intelligence... Morality is a matter of the development of the conscience as the moral consciousness of social intelligence. reason... Developed conscience is the basis for human rationality or 'reason'. virtues... The function of the conscience is the preservation of the integrity of the core of human spiritual values or 'virtues'. education... Construction of the human conscience is dependent on the environmental conditions of an education which fosters natural human development.