link: natural ethics

          NATURAL SCIENCE OF ETHICS: BIOLOGY OF ETHICS OR 'NATURAL ETHICS'

 theme: The natural science of ethics is based on the natural origins of human values. A natural 'science of values' or 'moral science' is the science of moral development i.e. development of moral consciosness or 'conscience'. The human conscience is the natural source of moral knowledge or 'morality'.The principles for morality and ethical values which are prescribed by religions can be found within the biology of human nature. Unlike fixed philosophical systems, natural ethics are flexible.

"Scientists and humanists should consider together the possibility that the time has come for ethics to be removed temporarily from the hands of the philosophers and bioligicized." (Wilson, E. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, l975, 562)

The human species is a social species and the human organism is a social organism. Understanding is possible between individuals who are morally free, living in love and understanding of the will of the other - also morally free. Freedom in this sense means obedience to one's own conscience (fully developed and therefore fully 'human') Individuals who are not free in this sense submit themselves to control. The sources of norms for ethical conduct are to be found in human nature. Violation of natural moral norms results in mental and emotional disintegration. The character structure of the mature and integrated personality - the 'productive' character - constitutes the source and the basis of 'virtue'. 'Vice' is the indifference to one's own self and self-mutilation. 'Self-love' and the affirmation of one's true self are the supreme values of humanistic ethics. For the human organism to have confidence in values, he must know himself and the capacity of his nature for goodness and productiveness. The science of ethics is the systematic investigation into the real nature of the individual human organism as a member of the human species.. The 'science of ethics' refers to the study of intrinsic and instinctive natural valuing process as a part of normal human development... a 'science of values'...moral science...

The search for guiding values for ethical living is the subject of the natural 'science of ethics'.

     Development of morality is naturally revealed with the unfolding of human potential in a normal process of psychological and moral development. Moral development is a functon of development of the biologically intrinsic moral consciousness or 'conscience'. The conscience is the 'inner voice' of a person's sense of responsibility, strength, courage and needs... the guiding values of 'free will'... the personal decision making process which is based on the organism's inherent tendency for growth toward spiritual independence of maturity or 'self-actualisation'. 'Self-actualisation' can be characterised in terms of ethical values for communal living... values for effective socialisation or 'social values'. Social values of ethical behaviour originate in a natural valuing system which is intrinsic to the organism. Ethical values are 'operative values'.   

 

 Natural ethics is based on the natural valuing process of the human organism ... based on the natural laws of human nature and human existence. for proper growth and development, instinctive needs must be understood and respected. The natural valuing process and the biological basis of morality. 'universal human ethics' or 'humanistic ethics', 'intrinsic conscience The natural valuing process is a part of normal human development. From a wholistic perspective, an individual's values system is the product of the totality of the individual's thought processes within the context the individual's experiences in the chnging social environment... The principles for morality and ethical values which are prescribed by religions and philosophies can be found within the biology of human nature. The natural system of ethics - natural ethics - is flexible, unlike philosophical systems which are fixed.

    As operative values human ethical values result from the intrinsic valuing process of the human organism... also known as the 'naturalistic' or 'organismic value system' which is shared by all members of the human species. The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'. The virtues are natural ethical values which are essential for creative and adaptive socialisation. The human organism is a moral or ethical being. The system of natural ethics evolved by a process of natural selection during the course of human evolution.

A natural 'science of ethics' is the systematic investigation into the biological basis of morality in the evolution of social values i.e. morals or 'ethics'. Ethics is a function of the real nature of the human organism as a member of a social species.

     Ethical behaviour is rooted in the morals of the rational human conscience. Development of the conscience is a function of human psychological, emotional, intellectual and moral development. The biologically based constitutional ethical impulses which are revealed in normal development and which enable the individual to adjust to the realities of the social environment are 'natural ethics'.

Natural ethics is a function of moral consciousness or rational 'conscience'. It is the human conscience which constitutes the biological basis of morality and ethics. The conscience is the natural source of ethical principles for guidance in the solution of human problems. The human organism depends on the conscience in its efforts to adapt to the realities of a changing social environment. The conscience is a biological mechanism which enables the individual to make accurate evaluations of social conditions while at the same time preserving the integrity of the personality. As the source of natural values and ethical behaviour, the conscience is the unconscious perception of human nature and human needs. Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human motives for behaviour i.e. 'human needs'. Human needs include the most urgent 'lower' needs - physiological and psychological needs - and the less urgent 'higher' needs - the spiritual needs of the value-life i.e. 'metaneeds'.

Spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'

The metaneeds are the biologically based constitutional ethical impulses revealed during harmonious human development...... the spiritual needs of the value-life.

  They are the guiding moral or 'ethical' values of humaness - the 'divine' values of the moral being. also known as 'Being-values' or 'B-Values' - 'Being needs' (B-needs) the needs for truth, beauty, goodness, justice, transcendance, wholeness, perfection, truth, 'love' as human fellowship, justice, aliveness, richness, simplicity, uniqueness, self-sufficiency etc. They must be satisfied for a person to become mature, to express the potentialities of human nature, to become fully 'human'. Individuals who have had their lower needs gratified during normal growth are less dependent on others for the gratification of the higher needs for spiritual growth, creation and production. The individual who is motivated by the Being needs for growth, is 'growth motivated.' The growth motivated individual relies on their inner resources and is independent of others for the gratification of growth needs.

Motivation by the metaneeds for ethical living is 'metamotivation'. A full definition of human nature includes metamotivation by the metaneeds because it is biologically based and instinctive.

Human needs for ethical living must be met for effective socialization, adaptation and survival... survival value of 'virtue'. Human needs have evolved on the basis of their survival value to the organism in achanging social environment. They determine the individual's full functioning as a socially intelligent being. Social intelligence and adaptation depend on proper growth and development. Individuals whose needs are met can be described by those human attributes, the ethical values, which have survival value for the human organism as a social organism. They enable the individual to adjust to the realities of a social environment -self-respect, self-directedness, self-discipline, sense of purpose, sense of worthiness and so on. Ethical values for communal living are characteristic of maturity and self-actualization. With complete growth, individuals become self-actualized. 'Self-actualizing' individuals are autonomous... self-sufficient.  

The self-actualising individual

Self-actualising individuals are self-transcending living in the realm of ethical values. Obeying their own conscience, they experience 'true' freedom. They are detached and private and resist enculturation. They are spontaneous and enjoy life in all its aspects, reacting with fresh appreciation and richness. They make decisions in their own 'true' interest while leading ethical lives. They are problem-centered, making personal decisions on the basis of B-needs, thus making choices which are in the 'true' interest of society. They are responsible to themselves and to others as well. They have democratic 'character structure' and identify with the human species. They accept their own nature and maintain their personal integrity while adapting to social changes. They have a non-judgmental, non-interfering attitude towards others perceiving them as unique individuals with their own intrinsic qualities. Their comprehensive understanding of other people makes for meaningful interpersonal relations and successful adaptation to social changes. They enjoy the pleasure of insight and experience high frequencies of so called 'peak-experiences'. They have a capacity to perceive reality holistically... objective 'holistic perception'. Holistic perception leads to holistic reasoning - transcending opposites, dichotomies, polarities, contradictions and incompatibilities perceiving these as interpenetrating facets of a whole. They are creative and productive and define their full individuality in their 'work'.

Psychological wholeness and personality integration achieved through proper development of the intrinsic human conscience is the basis of social intelligence. Failure to satisfy human needs leads to undeveloped conscience and pathologies of diminished humanness. A culture which recognizes and respects the human needs for socialization and provides the necessary conditions for fostering proper human growth and development is a 'healthy culture'. As a result of culturally fostered human development, the individual becomes 'self-actualized' - living according to the 'higher' ethical values of a rational conscience. Ethical individuals can live together in peace and justice because they naturally do what is right and necessary for communal living.

Implications for education  Education for ethics is education for moral knowledge of a rational conscience. Intrinsic conscience must be properly developed for ethical living. Development of the conscience is a part of normal human development growth with total freedom and love. The process of education for proper human development involves the fostering of an individual's instinctive responsibility to himself and his own needs. It therefore depends on the creation of an environment which fosters self-discipline, self-actualization and the full development of 'humanness,' the natural ethical core of every human being. A healthy social and cultural environment which recognizes and respects the individual's human needs can provide the necessary conditions for fostering proper human growth and development. the individual becomes self-actualized as the result of a culturally fostered human development... living according to the higher Being values which comprise his natural system of ethics. The self-actualized individual lives in accordance with natural biological laws and the evolutionary process.

 

Natural ethics of the developed conscience - rational conscience - is 'rational ethics'.

 moralism... The modern American meaning of the word ethics is based on the modern American concept of morality or 'moralism'.

virtues... The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'.

human needs... Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human needs.

social intelligence... Proper growth and development is necessary for social intelligence and adaptation.

 

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theme: Natural science of ethics is a scientific analysis of the biological basis of ethics (as opposed to philosophical systems formulated on given premises) A natural 'science of values' or 'moral science' is the science of moral development i.e. development of moral knowledge or 'morality'. Development of morality is naturally revealed with the unfolding of human potential in a normal process of psychological and moral development. Moral development is a function of development of the biologically inherited intrinsic human 'conscience' - the 'inner voice' of a person's sense of responsibility, strength, courage and needs... the guiding values of 'free will'... the personal decision making process which is based on the organism's inherent tendency for growth toward self-actualization. The search for guiding values for ethical living is the subject of the natural 'science of ethics'. A natural science of ethics is the systematic investigation into the biological basis of morality in the evolution of social values i.e. morals or 'ethics'. Ethics is a function of the real nature of the human organism as a member of a social species. Effective socialization depends on ethical behaviour which originates in a natural valuing system intrinsic to the organism. Ethical values do not involve cognitive or conceptual thinking -'operative values'.

 Ethical behaviour is a function of moral development - development of moral consciousness or 'rational conscience' the 'inner voice of human values. The conscience is the unconscious perception of one's human nature and human needs... natural values chosen on the basis of the organism's inherent tendency toward self-actualization. Development of the conscience is a function of human psychological, emotional, intellectual and moral development. The biologically based constitutional ethical impulses revealed in normal development enable the individual to adjust to the realities of the social environment are 'natural ethics', the subject of a natural science of ethics. Natural ethics are those values which are found in the intrinsic valuing process of the human organism.

 The natural valuing process also known as the 'naturalistic' 'organismic valuing process', is a natural system of ethics which is shared by all members of the human species. The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'. The virtues are natural ethical values which are essential for creative and adaptive socialization. The human organism is a moral or ethical being. The system of natural ethics evolved by a process of natural selection during the course of human evolution. Natural ethics is a function of moral consciousness or rational 'conscience'. It is the human conscience which constitutes the biological basis of morality and ethics. The conscience is the natural source of ethical principles for guidance in the solution of human problems. The human organism depends on the conscience in its efforts to adapt to the realities of a changing social environment. The conscience is a biological mechanism which enables the individual to make accurate evaluations of social conditions while at the same time preserving the integrity of the personality. As the source of natural values and ethical behaviour, the conscience is the unconscious perception of human nature and human needs. Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human needs. Human needs include the most urgent 'lower' needs - physiological and psychological needs - and the less urgent 'higher' needs - the spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'.

 Implications for education: Education for ethics is education for moral knowledge of a rational conscience. Intrinsic conscience must be properly developed for ethical living. Development of the conscience is a part of normal human development growth with total freedom and love. The process of education for proper human development involves the fostering of an individual's instinctive responsibility to himself and his own needs. It therefore depends on the creation of an environment which fosters self-discipline, self-actualization and the full development of 'humanness,' the natural ethical core of every human being. A healthy social and cultural environment which recognizes and respects the individual's human needs can provide the necessary conditions for fostering proper human growth and development. the individual becomes self-actualized as the result of a culturally fostered human development... living according to the higher Being values which comprise his natural system of ethics. The self-actualized individual lives in accordance with natural biological laws and the evolutionary process. links: science of ethics, moralism, virtues, operative values, conscience, freedom science of ethics... The search for guiding values for ethical living is the subject of the natural 'science of ethics'. moralism... The modern American meaning of the word ethics is based on the modern American concept of morality or 'moralism'. virtues... The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'. operative values... Ethical values are 'operative values'. conscience... Natural ethics is a function of moral consciousness or rational 'conscience'. human needs... Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human needs. metamotivation... Motivation by the metaneeds for ethical living is 'metamotivation'. social intelligence... Proper growth and development is necessary for social intelligence and adaptation. self-actualization... Ethical values for communal living are characteristic of maturity or 'self-actualization'. freedom... Obeying their own conscience, they experience 'true' freedom. 

Understanding is possible between individuals who are morally free, living in love and understanding of the will of the other - also morally free. Freedom in this sense means obedience to one's own conscience (fully developed and therefore fully 'human') Individuals who are not free in this sense submit themselves to control. The sources of norms for ethical conduct are to be found in human nature. Violation of natural moral norms results in mental and emotional disintegration. The character structure of the mature and integrated personality - the 'productive' character - constitutes the source and the basis of 'virtue'. 'Vice' is the indifference to one's own self and self-mutilation. 'Self-love' and the affirmation of one's true self are the supreme values of humanistic ethics. For the human organism to have confidence in values, he must know himself and the capacity of his nature for goodness and productiveness. The science of ethics is the systematic investigation into the real nature of the individual human organism as a member of the human species.. The 'science of ethics' refers to the study of intrinsic and instinctive natural valuing process as a part of normal human development... a 'science of values'...moral science...The self-actualized individual is autonomous and self-sufficient and therefore 'self-actualizing'.

The goal of the educational process is effective learning. The orienting center of any effective educational policy is child interest. Learning is a natural function of the healthy mind. The organ of the 'mind' is the organ of learning - the brain. Education for human self-development and self-fulfillment is based on the natural wholistic functioning of the human brain. learning and thinking are valuable assets for citizens of a free and democratic society. DILEMMA IN AMERICAN EDUCATION: schools are faced with the dilemma of how to motivate students to work within the framework of the adult controlled instruction. how can we teach ...how can children be motivated to learn within the framework of a required curriculum while respecting children's natural motivation for learning? problem: ...requirements are established for children's education and yet there has been a general decline in the educational standards...The dilemma which faces the schools appears to be the following: If learning is a natural basic function of the healthy mind, then how can children be motivated to work? how can children be motivated to learn? ... then how do we teach to the needs of the 'society' while respecting and maintaining children's natural function of learning? learning and thinking are necessary skills for citizens of a free and democratic society. what kind of instruction will meet the society's established requirements ...how do we motivate children to learn...to study ...and to work? ... It is suggested that by rethinking the question, a new direction of thought would create new possibilities for a practical solution to practical problems. With persistence in posing the 'wrong' question, one never arrives at a suitable answer which is practically applicable. It is suggested that teaching methods applied within the context of an understanding for the science of education could resolve the dilemma of generally declining motivation in today's schools...insights from transpersonal psychology can be incorporated in a science of education ...practices of transpersonal psychology and transpersonal psychotherapy can be appled to the practical aspects of curriculum planning in education. Education for the needs of each individual human organism fosters growth and results in vision and wisdom. A wholistic view of education is based on the elimination of dichotomies such as good/evil, individual/society. Wholistic education based on the biologically based needs and metaneeds of the individual automatically accomodates the needs of the society. CONNECTION BETWEEN HIERARCHY OF NEEDS (SUBJECTIVE BIOLOGY) AND INTRINSIC MOTIVATION (DESIGN OF CURRICULUM) It should be possible to design an educational curriculum around the instinctive needs of 'subjective biology' - the metaneeds as well as the basic physiological and psychological needs. The curriculum would be based on children's instinctive motivation to satisfy the basic needs for self-respect and self-esteem in the process of self-actualization. The curriculum would include opportunities for experiential enrichment through metamotivation to satisfy metaneeds. Children are naturally curious. Children are intrinsically motivated by their curiosity, Curiosity is the source of the motivation which comes from within - 'intrinsic motivation'. Children depend for their continued motivation on adult approval. 'Brain-based wholistic education' implies an eductional practice and pedagogy which is based on natural wholistic learning. Wholistic learning is natural because it is compatible with the natural functioning of the brain. A product of millions of years of evolution, the natural learning function of the brain involves the simultaneous processing of multitudinous stimuli in a complex environment. An individual naturally perceives reality and learns within the context of a given physical, social and cultural environment. The individual's 'individuality' is a natural result of the learning process - the 'education' - which takes place within the context of a cultural enviroment. 

Natural ethics is based on the natural valuing process of the human organism ... based on the natural laws of human nature and human existence. for proper growth and development, instinctive needs must be understood and respected. The natural valuing process and the biological basis of morality. 'universal human ethics' or 'humanistic ethics', 'intrinsic conscience The natural valuing process is a part of normal human development. From a wholistic perspective, an individual's values system is the product of the totality of the individual's thought processes within the context the individual's experiences in the chnging social environment... The principles for morality and ethical values which are prescribed by religions and philosophies can be found within the biology of human nature. The natural system of ethics - natural ethics - is flexible, unlike philosophical systems which are fixed. link: natural ethics NATURAL SCIENCE OF ETHICS: BIOLOGY OF ETHICS OR 'NATURAL ETHICS' "Scientists and humanists should consider together the possibility that the time has come for ethics to be removed temporarily from the hands of the philosophers and bioligicized." (Wilson, E. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, l975, 562) theme: Natural science of ethics is a scientific analysis of the biological basis of ethics (as opposed to philosophical systems formulated on given premises) A natural 'science of values' or 'moral science' is the science of moral development i.e. development of moral knowledge or 'morality'. Development of morality is naturally revealed with the unfolding of human potential in a normal process of psychological and moral development. Moral development is a function of development of the biologically inherited intrinsic human 'conscience' - the 'inner voice' of a person's sense of responsibility, strength, courage and needs... the guiding values of 'free will'... the personal decision making process which is based on the organism's inherent tendency for growth toward self-actualization. The search for guiding values for ethical living is the subject of the natural 'science of ethics'. A natural science of ethics is the systematic investigation into the biological basis of morality in the evolution of social values i.e. morals or 'ethics'. Ethics is a function of the real nature of the human organism as a member of a social species. Effective socialization depends on ethical behaviour which originates in a natural valuing system intrinsic to the organism. Ethical values do not involve cognitive or conceptual thinking -'operative values'. Ethical behaviour is a function of moral development - development of moral consciousness or 'rational conscience' the 'inner voice of human values. The conscience is the unconscious perception of one's human nature and human needs... natural values chosen on the basis of the organism's inherent tendency toward self-actualization. Development of the conscience is a function of human psychological, emotional, intellectual and moral development. The biologically based constitutional ethical impulses revealed in normal development enable the individual to adjust to the realities of the social environment are 'natural ethics', the subject of a natural science of ethics. Natural ethics are those values which are found in the intrinsic valuing process of the human organism. The natural valuing process also known as the 'naturalistic' 'organismic valuing process', is a natural system of ethics which is shared by all members of the human species. The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'. The virtues are natural ethical values which are essential for creative and adaptive socialization. The human organism is a moral or ethical being. The system of natural ethics evolved by a process of natural selection during the course of human evolution. Natural ethics is a function of moral consciousness or rational 'conscience'. It is the human conscience which constitutes the biological basis of morality and ethics. The conscience is the natural source of ethical principles for guidance in the solution of human problems. The human organism depends on the conscience in its efforts to adapt to the realities of a changing social environment. The conscience is a biological mechanism which enables the individual to make accurate evaluations of social conditions while at the same time preserving the integrity of the personality. As the source of natural values and ethical behaviour, the conscience is the unconscious perception of human nature and human needs. Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human needs. Human needs include the most urgent 'lower' needs - physiological and psychological needs - and the less urgent 'higher' needs - the spiritual needs or 'metaneeds'. The metaneeds are the biologically based constitutional ethical impulses revealed during the proper human development... the spiritual needs of the value-life. They are the guiding moral or 'ethical' values of humaness - the 'divine' values of the moral being. also known as 'Being-values' or 'B-Values' - 'Being needs' (B-needs) the needs for truth, beauty, goodness, justice, transcendance, wholeness, perfection, truth, 'love' as human fellowship, justice, aliveness, richness, simplicity, uniqueness, self-sufficiency etc. They must be satisfied for a person to become mature, to express the potentialities of human nature, to become fully 'human'. Individuals who have had their lower needs gratified during normal growth are less dependent on others for the gratification of the higher needs for spiritual growth, creation and production. The individual who is motivated by the Being needs for growth, is 'growth motivated.' The growth motivated individual relies on their inner resources and is independent of others for the gratification of growth needs. Motivation by the metaneeds for ethical living is 'metamotivation'. A full definition of human nature includes metamotivation by the metaneeds because it is biologically based and instinctive. Human needs for ethical living must be met for effective socialization, adaptation and survival. Human needs have evolved on the basis of their survival value to the organism in a changing social environment. They determine the individual's full functioning as a socially intelligent being. Social intelligence and adaptation depend on proper growth and development. Individuals whose needs are met can be described by those human attributes, the ethical values, which have survival value for the human organism as a social organism. They enable the individual to adjust to the realities of a social environment -self-respect, self-directedness, self-discipline, sense of purpose, sense of worthiness and so on. Ethical values for communal living are characteristic of maturity or 'self-actualization'. With complete growth, individuals become self-actualized, autonomous and self-sufficient and 'self-actualizing'. Self-actualizing individuals are self-transcending living in the realm of ethical values. Obeying their own conscience, they experience 'true' freedom. They are detached and private and resist enculturation. They are spontaneous and enjoy life in all its aspects, reacting with fresh appreciation and richness. They make decisions in their own 'true' interest while leading ethical lives. They are problem-centered, making personal decisions on the basis of B-needs, thus making choices which are in the 'true' interest of society. They are responsible to themselves and to others as well. They have democratic 'character structure' and identify with the human species. They accept their own nature and maintain their personal integrity while adapting to social changes. have a non-judgmental, non-interfering attitude towards others perceiving them as unique individuals with their own intrinsic qualities. Their comprehensive understanding of other people makes for meaningful interpersonal relations and successful adaptation to social changes. They enjoy the pleasure of insight and experience high frequencies of so called 'peak-experiences'. They have a capacity to perceive reality holistically... objective perception. reason holistically - transcending opposites, dichotomies, polarities, contradictions and incompatibilities perceiving them as interpenetrating facets of a whole. Their creativity and productiveness defines their full individuality. Psychological wholeness and personality integration achieved through proper development of the intrinsic human conscience is the basis of social intelligence. Failure to satisfy human needs leads to undeveloped conscience and pathologies of diminished humanness. A culture which recognizes and respects the human needs for socialization and provides the necessary conditions for fostering proper human growth and development is a 'healthy culture'. As a result of culturally fostered human development, the individual becomes 'self-actualized' - living according to the 'higher' ethical values of a rational conscience. Ethical individuals can live together in peace and justice because they naturally do what is right and necessary for communal living. Implications for education: Education for ethics is education for moral knowledge of a rational conscience. Intrinsic conscience must be properly developed for ethical living. Development of the conscience is a part of normal human development growth with total freedom and love. The process of education for proper human development involves the fostering of an individual's instinctive responsibility to himself and his own needs. It therefore depends on the creation of an environment which fosters self-discipline, self-actualization and the full development of 'humanness,' the natural ethical core of every human being. A healthy social and cultural environment which recognizes and respects the individual's human needs can provide the necessary conditions for fostering proper human growth and development. the individual becomes self-actualized as the result of a culturally fostered human development... living according to the higher Being values which comprise his natural system of ethics. The self-actualized individual lives in accordance with natural biological laws and the evolutionary process. links: science of ethics, moralism, virtues, operative values, conscience, freedom science of ethics... The search for guiding values for ethical living is the subject of the natural 'science of ethics'. moralism... The modern American meaning of the word ethics is based on the modern American concept of morality or 'moralism'. virtues... The human species is a social species which depends for socialization and survival on the social values or 'virtues'. operative values... Ethical values are 'operative values'. conscience... Natural ethics is a function of moral consciousness or rational 'conscience'. human needs... Analysis of the conscience as a natural system of ethics is based on the understanding of human needs. metamotivation... Motivation by the metaneeds for ethical living is 'metamotivation'. social intelligence... Proper growth and development is necessary for social intelligence and adaptation. self-actualization... Ethical values for communal living are characteristic of maturity or 'self-actualization'. freedom... Obeying their own conscience, they experience 'true' freedom.