HEALTH AS WHOLENESS: WHOLISTIC HEALTH  AS WHOLE PERSON HEALTH OR 'WELLNESS' 

 

 theme: The aim of holistic education for the individual is the attainment of optimal physical and mental well being i.e. holistic health or high level 'wellness'. 'High level wellness' has the effect of enhancing the effectiveness of learning.... 'spiritual emergence'...

"Wholistic health comes from the joyful participation in the challenges of life and the challenges of living." (Ardell) 

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health in cultures of consumer capitalism... 

Halpert Dunn...

health as psychological wholeness...   health as harmony or 'happiness'...    

wellness as growth (spiritual growth)...

                                   road to wellness is 'self-transcendance'...

                                   resistance to growth...

 basic principle is respect for human potential...

                        positive approach to human needs...   leads to 'environmental sensitivity'...

wellness philosophy...   

Thomas Merton and 'final integration'...

 

                          nutritional awareness principles...  

                          self responsibility principles... 

                          stress management principles... 

                          physical fitness principles...

               whole person healthcare or 'holistic healthcare'...                        Esalen Institute, Big Sur, California...

implications for education...   motivation as a significant dimension of health...

 

 

 Perception of health in cultures of consumer capitalism... Health industry and the consumer culture.

 health is defined in terms of the absence of sickness and disease or 'not sick.' Such a definition ignores the possibility that the healthy may display ways of being, modes and depths of experiencing, interests, and motives that do not show up at all in pathology... the very healthy might not do some things that are so widespread in the population that they have been accepted as universal and intrinsic to the nature of the human personality or 'human nature'. 

 For politics of the 'medical system' and the medical industry in the consumer culture of American society.... See Robert Fritz, The Path of Least Resistance  DMA Inc. Pickering Way, Salem,MA. l984.

  "Traditionally, psychologists and philosophers have tended to avoid defining the highest good for humanity, resorting to negative terms in defining 'health' as the absence of disease, and 'good' as the absence of 'evil'. Health by such a definition is only 'not sick'. Such a definition involves a number of assumptions and limitations. For example, it ignores the possibility that the healthy may display ways of being, modes and depths of experiencing, interests and motives that do not show up at all in pathology. Similarly the very healthy might not do some things that are so widespread in the remainder of the population that they have been accepted as universal and intrinsic to human nature. This raises the interesting question of whether the extremely psychologically healthy might not at times appear mysterious or bizarre to the rest of us. In other words, we must be wary of assuming that they will fit our cultural stereotypes of health or that we will easily and automatically recognize them for what they are." (Walsh, R and Shapiro D eds. Beyond Health and Normality: Explorations of Extreme Psychological Well-being, New York: Van Nostrand Rheinhold 119) 

connection between learning and wellness: influence of well being on learning...

 Real health is more than just 'not sick'... Health is wholeness or 'wellness'.

Health is both physical and psychological well-being or 'wholeness'...   

 Health as wholistic health implies a sense of responsibility to oneself as the natural outcome of the human instinct for self preservation... and the natural biological manifestation of human nature which is in accordance with the organismic need for adaptation to a changing environment.

   The word 'health' comes from the Anglo-Saxon word 'haelth' from 'hal' meaning 'hale, sound, whole'. The word 'heal' comes from 'haelen' meaning to 'restore to wholeness' or 'health'. The concept of wholeness is central to health. Health is wholistic. Wholistic health is whole person health a function of the integrated functioning of mind, body and soul as 'spirit' or conscience... work synergistically to create a sense of wholeness. This state of physical and mental well-being is called 'wellness' or 'high level wellness.' High level wellness is a function of harmony with oneself or 'internal harmony' and harmony with one's environment or 'external harmony'. Health as wholeness is a state of consciousness - the conscious awareness of one's vitality and energy, of feeling alive throughout one's being, a physical state which induces the mental state of deep appreciation for the environment... Both internal and external harmony are accounted for in the healing methods of 'holistic health care'               


 The term 'high level wellness' was coined by Dr. Halpert Dunn who published his book 'High Level Wellness' in l961
He published a collection of 29 short talks on key aspects of wellness. He defined ' wellness' as "an integrated method of functioning which is oriented to maximizing the potential of which an individual is capable, within the environment where he is functioning."
"You, I and our fellow man re-emerging into a new world, our world. In this new world, science, faith, and the destiny of man blend with the oneness of life in the alchemy of man's never-ending search for truth, as this search is carried on throughout society in an energy field of responsive awareness, love and trust, and is directed toward improving the world for mankind as a whole." (Halpert Dunn coined the term 'wellness')


He saw the planning process as an opportunity "to combat the social ills that afflict us".

Dunn related his wellness concepts to the thinking of writers such as Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, Hans Selye, Gordon Allport, Erich Fromm, S.I. Hayakawa, Sidney Jourard and others.
 

 To obtain the book, (9th printing l973) write publisher R.W. Beatty Ltd., P.O. Box 26, Arlington VA 22210
 

The goals of wellness... are self-actualization and wholeness. ...the individual is responsible for their own self-knowledge and for knowing what is fundamental to health and wellness... the individual is in charge of their own life... the individual can choose a lifestyle which is conducive to the unity of mind, body and spirit... 'high level wellness'.

The road to well-being or 'wellness' is transcendance of the ego or 'self-transcendance'... health from the transpersonal perspective

"It follows, then, that the transpersonal perspective on the quest for psychological well-being is very different from the traditional Western view. Changes in behaviour, thought, affect, and personality are seen not only as goals in themselves but also as means to facilitate awareness of transcendant dimensions of being." (Walsh l2l)

"At the highest levels of well-being-in the transcendent realms where we experience ourselves as pure awareness transcendant to space, form, and time - very different possibilites for describing health become apparent. This realm is clearly transcendent to any existing concept of health. Like the other subjective dichotomies, the distinction between health and illness collapses in the deepest levels of being." (Walsh)

 According to several traditions, the source of suffering is the attachment (addiction) to having one's needs gratified. Highly developed individuals are motivated by a desire to contribute to and serve others. Health can be associated with fewer attachments and a higher ratio of service-oriented versus egocentric ... qualities widely assumed to be characteristic of optimal mental health include the recognition that one is responsible for, and the source of, one's experience and one's sense of well-being... greater sensitivity towards others as manifested by enhanced love, compassion, empathy, and generosity; an appreciation of the awesomeness and mystery of life shown by attitudes of reverence, gratitude, wonder and ecological sensitivity; and a wholehearted participation in life, opening fully to the joys as well as to the sorrows of the human condition.

"Several traditions make the suggestions that attachment (addiction) to having one's needs gratified is the source of suffering and that highly developed individuals are likely to be motivated by a desire to contribute to and serve others. Health might thus be associated with fewer attachments and a higher ratio of service-oriented versus egocentric behaviour.  Although they do not necessarily fit neatly into any particular formal model, various other qualities have been widely assumed to be characteristic of optimal mental health. These include the recognition that one is responsible for, and the source of, one's experience and one's sense of well-being; greater sensitivity towards others as manifested by enhanced love, compassion, empathy, and generosity; an appreciation of the awesomeness and mystery of life shown by attitudes of reverence, gratitude, wonder and ecological sensitivity; and a wholehearted participation in life, opening fully to the joys as well as to the sorrows of the human condition. " (Walsh pp 120-121)

High level wellness is a function of harmony or 'happiness' (depends on 'self-transcendance')...  Happiness depends on the natural striving to take charge of one's own life and health... Interference with personal freedom and independence deprives the individual of the capacity to recognize their own emotions or 'feeling states'. The result is inability to integrate life experiences...  psychological failure... or 'psychological impotence'.  

The individual's ability to recognize and accept responsibility for his/her own feeling states is a necessary condition for the attainment of high level wellness... required for human ability to react to changing social conditions... 'adaptability'. Enhanced awareness of one's own feeling states is a precondition for wholistic health.

The underlying principle of wholistic health care is the respect for human potential. Wholistic health care is based on the fact that each person is a unique personality with a unique life history. In their unique way, each person is motivated by the instinctive striving for physical and mental wellbeing and happiness or 'high level wellness'. Wellness health implies the committment to the individual's goals for self-actualization and wholeness. The attainment of high level wellness depends on the individual's own efforts to maximize his/her human potential. Wellness health implies committment to one's own goals for self-actualization and wholeness. In order to attain one's goals, one must have a sense of purpose and a means of self-expression. Purposeful living implies personal satisfaction gained from successful achievement. Independent activities integrate life experiences into a unified whole... they are 'integrating experiences'. The self-responsible individual seeks those opportunities which provide for the expression of his uniqueness and dignity and provide for human needs.

 Health as 'wellness' is a function of... is considered in terms of harmony and balance between external and internal environments. Harmony with the internal environment ...harmony with the self or 'internal harmony' involves  consciousness - the conscious awareness of one's vitality and energy, of feeling alive throughout one's being, a physical state which induces the mental state of deep appreciation for the environment. Harmony with external environment - 'external harmony' - involves sensitivity to the environment. External harmony depends on internal harmony. Both internal and external harmony are based on the integrated functioning of mind, body and spirit which work synergistically to create a sense of wholeness.

 High level wellness is a function of personal philosophy which engages the responsibility for self-awareness or 'self-knowledge'. Self- knowledge is knowledge of the nature of the human personality i.e. 'human nature'. Human nature is a function of human motives for behaviour or 'human needs'. The human needs include the physiological needs - nutrition, exercise and stress management; the basic psychological needs for security and belongingness; the spiritual needs for spiritual growth and 'self-transcendance' i.e. 'metaneeds'.

First Noble Truth of Buddhism... all life is imbued with suffering... the individual must live in a transpersonal 'level' of consciousness, beyond the ego and existensial 'levels', in order to confront and reconcile life with its apparent inevitabilities of loss and death... understand the three truths which lead the way out of the dilemma of the human condition... first, 'the cause of all suffering is attachment', second, 'the relief of suffering comes from the cessation of attachment', and third 'the cessation of attachment comes from following the eightfold path, a prescription for ethical living and mental training aimed at attaining full enlightenment or awakening to the transpersonal dimensions of existence... life itself is held in a different perspective...an aspect of healthy psychological and intellectual growth. ...wholistic or whole person health care...

 Methods of healing which take this into account are called 'wholistic health methods.'

Holistic health care is whole person health care...  Holistic health care involves a wellness approach to health care. The aim of wholistic health care for the individual is the attainment of high level wellness. High level wellness programs are based on the conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy. It depends on the individual's self-responsibility for awareness of human needs for nutrition, physical fitness, stress management and sensitivity to the environment.

 Health is considered in terms of harmony and balance with both the external and internal environments. ..  meaning of 'responsibility for one's health' is central to the individual's attainment of high level wellness... are...

The healing methods of wholistic health are methods which take into account the  the total dimension and well-being of the individual

Some concepts from whole person healthcare or wholistic health care: l. A wholistic approach to health care emphasizes the importance of a perspective of the whole person and the interconnectedness of body, mind and spirit. . 3. Wellness health centers are committed to the individual's goals for self-actualization and wholeness. 4. The conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy represents the foundation of the five dimensions of high level wellnness.

Central to holistic medicine is the concept that the individual is a whole person whose body, mind and spirit are integrated and inseparable. A wholistic approach to health care emphasizes the importance of a perspective of the 'whole' person, the interconnectedness of body, mind and spirit. In these terms, health as 'wellness' is more than the absence of sickness. It is a state of the conscious awareness of one's vitality and energy, of feeling alive throughout one's being, a physical state which induces the mental state of deep appreciation for the environment. The state of physical and mental wellbeing is called 'high level wellness.'

The healing methods of wholistic health are methods which take into account the the varied dimensions of high-level wellness... total well-being of the individual

The underlying principle of holistic health care is the respect for the individual's potential for responsibility for his/her own health and well-being... the principles of self-responsibility. A necessary condition for the attainment of wellness is the individual's ability to recognize and accept responsibility for their own feeling states. Enhanced awareness of one's own feeling states is a precondition for wellness.

Health as wellness implies the committment to the individual's goals for self-actualization and wholeness. The attainment of high level wellness depends on the individual's own efforts to maximize his/her human potential... implies committment to one's own goals for self-actualization and wholeness. In order to attain one's goals, one must have a sense of purpose and a means of self-expression. Purposeful living implies personal satisfaction gained from successful achievement. Independent activities integrate life experiences into a unified whole... they are 'integrating experiences'.

Regard for oneself has an effect on how one cares for oneself... assume responsibility for health... accepting oneself and others... accepting the responsibility for one's beliefs... acceptance of the inevitability of death produces a healthy perspective on the experiences of living and leads to enhanced awareness of 'feeling states', a necessary condition for the attainment of high level wellness.

The self-responsible individual seeks those opportunities which provide for the expression of his uniqueness and dignity and provide for human needs.

 Interference in the natural striving to take charge of one's own life and health deprives the individual of personal freedom and independence. The result is the inability to recognize one's emotions or 'feeling states' and results is the inability to integrate life experiences... psychological failure or 'psychological impotence' of neurotic growth or 'neurosis'.

 The wholistic approach to health care emphasizes the positive approach to meeting human needs... wellness and motivation The individual is motivated to acquire knowledge by the instinctive sense of self-responsibility for high level wellness.

 Before the individual can accept responsibility for his own health and high level wellness the basic human needs for recognition and affection must be met. Destructive tendencies and habits can be effectively dealt with only after the individual's  basic needs for self-respect have been met.

 "A wellness approach focuses on meeting human needs in positive ways and includes finding ways to earn recognition, create stimulating personal environments, give and receive care and affection from others, and evolve and grow toward a greater... higher states of consciousness. Only when your needs are met are you in a position to deal with destructive tendencies and habits." "Your mind, body and spirit are integrated and inseparable...At the center of holistic medicine is the perception that you are a 'whole' person requiring internal balance and harmony and external balance with your various environments." In planning a high level wellness program, it is necessary to incorporate the five dimensions of wellness (self-responsibility, nutritional awareness, physical fitness, stress management, and environmental sensitivity). They work synergistically to create a whole greater than the sum of the parts. Know the biology of your body. An understanding of the biological functioning of the body is essential for high level wellness. Ignorance can result in casualness, irresponsible behaviours and overdependence on doctors and drugs. There is no fountain of youth. Acceptance of the inevitability of death makes growing older and aging more enriching. The key to 'high level wellness' is self-responsibility. One's health is dependent on self-knowledge, and the recognition of one's emotions and 'feeling states.' This principle of selfresponsibility is central to the functioning of holistic health and wellness .This principle of self-responsibility is central to the functioning of holistic health and wellness programs...

In order to achieve high level wellness, it is essential that one respect oneself. (See resistance to growth) The primary need for self-respect depends on the basic psychological needs for recognition. Activities with tangible consequences - so-called 'consequential activity' - are conducive to self-respect. The individual with self-respect is motivated towards constructive behaviour and creativity. With the recognition of these needs, the individual can control and organize a personal environment which will be supportive of his efforts to attain high level wellness.

High level wellness depends on an understanding of the biological functioning of the body and an understanding of the body's nutritional and physical needs. Ignorance of biological and nutritional needs can lead to casualness ...to irresponsible and detrimental behaviours... to the overdependence on doctors and drugs.

 High risk behaviours can have long term negative effects on one's health and happiness.

Furthermore, in learning to understand the relationship between their human needs and the natural environment, the individual becomes aware of the need the environment upon which human health depends... 'environmental sensitivity'. The wholistic perspective is required for the proper understanding of the effects of human activities on the biosphere upon which human existence depends. The utilization of natural resources for energy and transport involves a process of responsible decision making based on a thorough knowledge of the interrelationships of many aspects of biotic and abiotic environments.

The wholistic approach is based on respect for instinctive motives for human behaviour 'human needs' ... needs to earn recognition, create  stimulating personal environments, to give and receive care and affection from others, to evolve and grow toward higher states of consciousnes.

Meeting human needs in positive ways... ways which revolve around the individual's instinctive drive for mature growth or 'self-actualisation'.

Self-responsibility applies to the individual's positive attitude to stress. Stress management implies the ability to live with purpose and to function creatively in stressful circumstances in accordance with the organismic need to adapt to changes in the environment.

 Esalen Institute... Esalen Institute, Big Sur, California was founded in the early l960s, internationally known as the trend setter for the 'human potential movement'.  Esalen is engaged in experimental work in education, sociology, religion health etc. Some important concepts and methods developed at Esalen have become part of established institutions. One example, in education, early experiments and study in 'affective learning'- working with children at the emotional level. Respect for the potential of human beings is the underlying principle of holisic health methods...... it was instrumental in important experimental work in education, sociology, religion, health etc.

The Meadowlark Wellness Resource Center  in California was established in l958. The principles of wholistic health can be described in the words of founder John Travis With credentials from the medical establishments, he was inspired by Dr. Jarvis who wrote in Folk Medicine, l957, "the doctor of the future will be a teacher as well a physician, whose real job will be assisting people to learn how to be healthy." The aims of wholistic healing methods are based on the healing principles of Plato, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Hahnemann and the European health spas... to heal the person as a whole... body, mind and spirit... using techniques such as biofeedback stress control, meditation, massage, saunas, hot baths etc.

 Whole person health care or 'holistic health care' is committed to the principle of self-responsibility... central to the programs of holistic health and wellness centers geared to the individual's attainment of high level wellness. The key to 'high level wellness' is self-responsibility. One's health is dependent on self-knowledge, and the recognition of one's emotions and 'feeling states'. Wellness programs are designed around two basic beliefs.... first, the root of illness lies in the joint effects of toxins in the body combined with mental and emotional tensions.... second, the human body has an innate 'wisdom' with which it maintains and recovers its own perfection when allowed to function unhindered.

The goals of wholistic health care are self-actualization and wholeness... basic concepts:

 each individual is responsible for his own self-knowledge and for knowing what is fundamental to health and wellness; each individual is in charge of his or her own life; each individual has a choice between illness or wellness; each individual can choose a lifestyle which is conducive to the unity of mind, body and spirit; each individual can choose a life of 'high level wellness.' link between whoistic health and learning Based on the underlying principle of respect for the individual's potential, experiments and study in education have stressed the importance of learning at the emotional level, so-called 'affective learning.'Know the biology of your body. An understanding of the biological functioning of the body is essential for high level wellness. Ignorance can result in casualness, irresponsible behaviours and overdependence on doctors and drugs. There is no fountain of youth. Acceptance of the inevitability of death makes growing older and aging more enriching. The key to 'high level wellness' is self-responsibility. One's health is dependent on self-knowledge, and the recognition of one's emotions and 'feeling states.'

Dr. Eric Berne, founder of Transactional Analysis, biological and psychological need for 'strokes'- touch, recognition, and consequential activity. The realization of a person's basic needs results in self-respect and the motivation towards constructive and beneficial behaviour, and creativity. Self-abusive behaviour results from 'stroke-deprivation'. If a person's basic needs are not met, the result is 'stroke-deprivation' which leads to self-abusive behaviour and the search for harmful 'stroke substitutes'. An important basis for behaviour is reinforcement, whether it be positive or negative.

 

  Health as wholeness ... whole person health care or holistic health care

Wellness approach of  focuses on meeting human needs in positive ways.... revolves around the individual's needs to find ways to earn recognition, create stimulating personal environments, give and receive care and affection from others, and evolve and grow toward higher states of consciousnes.

The principle of self-responsibility applies to the individual's positive attitude to stress. Stress management implies the ability to live with purpose and to function creatively in stressful circumstances in accordance with the organismic need to adapt to changes in the environment.

 Before the individual can accept responsibility for his own health and high level wellness the basic human needs for recognition and affection must be met. Destructive tendencies and habits can be effectively dealt with only after the individual's basic needs for self-respect have been met. In order to achieve high level wellness, it is essential that one respect oneself. The primary need for self-respect depends on the basic biological and psychological needs for recognition. Activities with tangible consequences - so-called 'consequential activity' - are conducive to self-respect. The individual with self-respect is motivated towards constructive behaviour and creativity. With the recognition of these needs, the individual can control and organize a personal environment which will be supportive of his efforts to attain high level wellness.

 Only when your needs are met are you in a position to deal with destructive tendencies and habits." "Your mind, body and spirit are integrated and inseparable...At the center of holistic medicine is the perception that you are a 'whole' person requiring internal balance and harmony and external balance with your various environments." In planning a high level wellness program, it is necessary to incorporate the five dimensions of wellness (self-responsibility, nutritional awareness, physical fitness, stress management, and environmental sensitivity). They work synergistically to create a whole greater than the sum of the parts. Know the biology of your body. An understanding of the biological functioning of the body is essential for high level wellness. Ignorance can result in casualness, irresponsible behaviours and overdependence on doctors and drugs.

 There is no fountain of youth. Acceptance of the inevitability of death  produces a healthy perspective on the experiences of living and leads to enhanced awareness of 'feeling states', a necessary condition for the attainment of high level wellness... makes growing older and aging more enriching...

With increased self-knowledge, the individual can grow and evolve from stressful situations of personal pain and crisis and thus adapt effectively to changing social conditions i.e. 'adaptability'.

the principle of self-responsibility is central  to the individual's attainment of high level wellness. in the active observation process of learning generally... The individual who perceives reality wholistically is affected emotionally and stimulated intellectually to interact with it. This active interest and participation results in a genuine motivation for responsible and productive learning activity which can in turn have an effect on the environment under observation. it is very useful as well as interesting to have access to basic information on the specific interactions of chemicals with the body's biochemistry...such knowledge makes it possible to make intelligent choices with respect to the benefits and dangers of chemicals to which different forms of life are exposed...one becomes extremely cautious about following detailed instructions and observing precautionary measures when resorting to the use of drugs and medication. It is hard work to live well...  

 Respect for human needs and respect for the environment or  'environmental sensitivity'. In learning to understand the relationship between their human needs and the natural environment, the individual becomes aware of the need to protect it...

An understanding of the relationship between the biological needs and the environment naturally leads to an awareness of the need to protect the environment upon which human health depends i.e. 'environmental sensitivity'.

The wholistic perspective is required for the proper understanding of the effects of human activities on the biosphere upon which human existence depends. The utilization of natural resources for energy and transport involves a process of responsible decision making based on a thorough knowledge of the interrelationships of many aspects of biotic and abiotic environments. Educational policy designed around the need to foster high level wellness and ecological sensitivity is the precondition for intelligent adaptation to an environment which is constantly changing as a result of human activities. Implications for education: Education according to the principles of brain-based learning is based on the individual's natural sense of responsibility for the instinctive striving for wholistic health and optimal well being. links: human needs... stress management... environmental sensitivity ...brain-based learning human needs... The wholistic approach to health care emphasizes the positive approach to meeting human needs. stress management... Stress management implies the ability to live with purpose and to function creatively in stressful circumstances.

Wellness as growth... wellness begins when an individual sees himself or herself as a growing, changing person. High level wellness means giving care to the physical self, using the mind constructively, channeling stress energies positively, expressing emotions effectively, becoming creatively involved with others, and staying in touch with the environment..

Resistance to growth... the quest for psychological wellbeing... being at peace with oneself... the person wants to become aware of the transcendant dimensions of their being but they are afraid....Why? apparent unpredictability.... fear of the unpredicatable...  The unpredictability is only apparent. People are afraid of what they don't understand it. People are taught not to trust the emotions in themselves and in others ...altered states of consciousness are perceived as anti-social, unruly modes of being...

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 Inner freedom is a function of the degree of accuracy in the individual's perception of reality. Degree of accuracy in perception is a function of degree of distortion of reality. Complete freedom from distorting influences of fear etc. is a characteristic of optimal mental health or 'wellness'.

."A number of seeming paradoxes follow. Because this essential nature of our being continues to exist beyond any illusory constrictive identifications, it follows that it remains transcendant to the health/illness dichotomy at all times. Thus a movement toward health does not entail changing what we are but rather recognizing what we are. Indeed there is not even any need for movement. As the perennial psychology would have it, "there is nothing to do, nothing to change, nothing to be...  It follows, then, that the transpersonal perspective on the quest for psychological well-being is very different from the traditional Western view. Changes in behaviour, thought, affect, and personality are seen not only as goals in themselves but also as means to facilitate awareness of transcendant dimensions of being." (Walsh l2l)

Thomas Merton and 'final integration'... "Thomas Merton's discussion of the phenomenon of "final Integration," in which he describes the monk who has passed throught numerous vocational problems and conflicts and who finally resolves the critical, existensial crisis of his life, speaks fully of the integration process. This integration, this resolution of oneself to one's life work, the taking-on of the work responsibilty, is both psychological and spiritual accomplishment in that the person comes into his own as a specific, distinct individual. Because of this he achieves a kind of spiritual health or wholeness which is direct result of his own truthfulness, courage, and conscious choices. First the achievement, if I can call it that, is psychological because in choosing his work, he takes a conscious, responsible life direction and acts in such a way as to be psychologically "there," all of a piece, understandable, unique as an individual. He knows as the saying goes, "what he wants to be when he grows up." Knowing, he grows up. Second it is a spiritual achievement because his life is therafter dedicated to a conscious, intentional manner of living, rather than withdrawing or contracting himself from life, his "livingness," or steadfast functional effectiveness, is his devotional act and consecrates everything it touches because through the faculty of being, he is present in the moment, as life (pp. l75-l76). "The vocationaly integrated person does not long for love: he has it. He does not yearn for happiness: he has it. He does not strive for completion: finality, satisfaction: he has these, and he has qualities in the very act and process of doing the work he enjoys. The healthier the personality, the more likely it is that the individual experiences his entire life (including his vocational life) in this abundant manner." (Merton, Thomas Contemplation in a World of Action. New York: Douleday and Co., Inc. l97l)

 The conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy is foundational to the the principles of the five dimensions of high level wellness.  These are self-responsibility, nutritional awareness, physical fitness, stress management, and environmental sensitivity.

 A wellness lifestyle enriches life, develops the character as well as the body, increases mental alertness, self-awareness, confidence and personal self-esteem.

A wellness philosophy is based on the connection between  health and moral consciousness or 'conscience'.  in the developing human organism, the proper development of the conscience depends on the complete and integrated development of the psychologically 'healthy' or 'whole' personality... ..product of optimal psychological growth is the integrated personality ... properly developed intrinsic conscience ...source of individual morality ...  each person has an instinctive sense of responsiblility - the conscience... for their own health and well-being.

  Basic concepts...

° Each person is responsible for their own health and well-being.

° There are no magic bullets or instant solutions.... it is better to avoid disease-causing behaviours than depend on medical media message that medical solutions to physical disease.

° Physicians who themselves pay little regard to nutrition, exercise, stress management and self-responsibility are not likely to promote healthful lifestyles.

° The body is its own best healer... understand the biology of 'self-regulatory' processes such as antibody formation, cell regeneration, maintenance of body temperature, heart and respiration rates etc and avoid behaviours which block the natural healing processes....  'general adaptation syndrome' describes the stages of biological stress resistance. The 'alarm reaction' is followed by 'resistance' and then 'exhaustion'.

° You are on your own it is to your advantage to accept responsibility for your own health as 'wellness'.

° It is hard work to live well.

° Make your own decisions about your lifestyle so that you have a sense of satisfaction and not feelings of self-denial.

° Except for the occasional necessity for medication, natural remedies, time, will and an integrated lifestyle are suffiicent for most ailments.

° Better be a 'client' rather than subservient patient... as a client, you have self-responsibility and the physician is a guide in the healing process rather than an authority figure.

° It is easy to make habit of positive behaviour which is beneficial to your health and welfare.... A wellness lifestyle enriches your life, develops your character as well as your body, increases your mental alertness, your self-awareness, your confidence and your personal self-esteem.

 

 The principle of self-responsibility applies to the individual's positive attitude to stress. Stress management implies the ability to live with purpose and to function creatively in stressful circumstances in accordance with the organismic need to adapt to changes in the environment. With increased self-knowledge, the individual can grow and evolve from stressful situations of personal pain and crisis and thus adapt effectively to changing social conditions.        Before the individual can accept responsibility for his own health and high level wellness the basic human needs for recognition and affection must be met. Destructive tendencies and habits can be effectively dealt with only after the individual's basic needs for self-respect have been met. In order to achieve high level wellness, it is essential that one respect oneself. The primary need for self-respect depends on the basic biological and psychological needs for recognition. Activities with tangible consequences - so-called 'consequential activity' - are conducive to self-respect. The individual with self-respect is motivated towards constructive behaviour and creativity. With the recognition of these needs, the individual can control and organize a personal environment which will be supportive of his efforts to attain high level wellness. High level wellness depends on an understanding of the biological functioning of the body and an understanding of the body's nutritional and physical needs. Ignorance of biological and nutritional needs can lead to casualness ...to irresponsible nd detrimental behaviours... to the overdependence on doctors and drugs. High risk behaviours can have long term negative effects on one's health and happiness. The individual is motivated to acquire knowledge by the instinctive sense of self-responsibility for high level wellness. Furthermore, in  learning to understand the relationship between their human needs and the natural environment, the individual becomes aware of the need to protect it... 'environmental sensitivity'. An understanding of the relationship between the biological needs and the environment naturally leads to an awareness of the need to protect the environment upon which human health depends i.e. 'environmental sensitivity'. s.
 

 The self-responsibility principles are based on the need to behave as though your health is in your own hands.  High level wellness depends on an understanding of the biological functioning of the body and an understanding of the body's nutritional and physical needs. Ignorance of biological and nutritional needs can lead to casualness ...to irresponsible and detrimental behaviours... to the overdependence on doctors and drugs.

 The individual is motivated to acquire knowledge by the instinctive sense of self-responsibility for high level wellness.

° Each person is in charge of their own life and therefore responsible for their own health.

° Each person is different from everyone else and therefore the alternatives available to them should suit their unique personality and life history.

° Each person is motivated by a desire for happiness and can channel this motivation towards a life of high level wellness.

° Each person needs a sense of purpose and the means of self-expression in order to attain their goals.

° Each person is OK and on their way to being even better... one's regard for oneself has an effect on how one takes care of oneself. Respect for oneself is essential for the achievement of high level wellness. 

° Dependence on doctors and drugs in some circumstances might seem an easy alternative to assuming responsibility for one's health.

°It is important to accept oneself and one's responsibility for one's own beliefs... to accept others and their responsibility for their beliefs.

° Go for positive happiness, wellness style... high risk escape behaviours have a long term negative effect on one's health and therefore on one's happiness.

 (9) Avoid making drastic under stress...  With the exception of emergency situations, it is better to wait for emotions to subside and then make sensible decisions.

 The nutritional awareness principles are based on the need to sustain oneself with the right foods.

 ° Sustain oneself with natural  'live' foods such as soybeans, fresh fruits and vegetables, yogurt, garlic, honey, apple cider vinegar, nutritional yeast, wheat germ, watermelon, sunflower seeds, bran. . foods with complete protein, such as whole grains and legumes.

° Vary your diet and make the effort to look for different kinds of foods which are healthful.

° Avoid dangerous foods and food additives ...inform yourself of the chemicals which are added to foods and avoid them to protect your health.

° Boycott processed foods... avoid packaged and canned foods with little nutritional value.

° Learn to dislike the refined carbohydrates... refined sugar goes directly into the bloodstream and upsets the endocrine balance and without the proper food factors for metabolism, it can cause tissue damage.

° Keep it simple and take your time. Healthful eating should be pleasurable. Take time to look for healthful foods and take pleasure in preparing healthful meals. 

° Eliminate coffee, tea, alcohol, and other addictive drugs... at least avoid them coffee in excess. Caffeine in coffee and tea, like alcohol and addictive drugs, is correlated with higher risk of illness.

° Concentrate on quality in proteins...eat foods with complete protein, such as whole grains and legumes.

° Eat fresh fruit and vegetables every day... Eat foods which are low on the food chain such as rice, beans, wheat, barley and oats and stay away from fast foods

° Try to get high fiber roughage every day... about 24 roughage grams a day,(in bran, whole grain products, fresh fruits and vegetables) are required to avoid the risk of degenerative disease.

° Chew food slowly and thoroughly, eat only when hungry, drink lots of water, use herbs for vitamins and start every day with a full and nutritious breakfast".

 

 Stress management implies the ability to live with purpose and to function creatively in stressful circumstances... The stress management principles ... practical guidelines for taking advantage of stressful circumstances... are based on the need to have peace of mind which is an important health promoting factor... Many people who lack obvious physical symptoms of illnesss are in fact bored, depressed, tense, anxious, or generally unhappy with their lives. Stress, boredom, anxiety are emotional states which can lead to physical disease through the lowering of the body's resistance. The same feelings can also lead to abuse of the body through smoking, drinking, overeating... behaviours which are often substitutes for the more basic human needs, such as recognition from others, a stimulating environment, caring and affection from friends, and growth towards a higher degree of self-awareness i.e. 'self-transcendance'. Changes in behaviour, thought, affect, and personality are means to facilitate awareness of the transcendant dimensions of being.

It is important to recognize that stress is inevitable and can be put to good advantage leading to alertness, creativity and productivity. Without the skills to manage stress, one becomes distressed, tense and anxious, feeling states which result in the breakdown of energy which is needed to change the circumstances creating the stress. Making  drastic decisions under stress seldom cures. With the exception of emergency situations, it is better to wait for emotions to subside and then make sensible decisions.

There are three aspects of stress management based on the biological aspects of stress. The first is connected with the electrical activity in the brain. There are four main types of brain activity. Beta is the awake phase, theta is the sleep or nonconsciousness phase, delta is the deep sleep phase, alpha is the awake phase associated with natural creative activiy. The alpha state lowers tension and anxiety and leads to mental peace and is health promoting. The second  is concerned with the so-called 'fight or flight response'. In stress situations the involuntary sympathetic nervous system is activated, raising blood pressure is raised and increasing metabolism. Managing the fight or flight response is essential for maintenance of good health. The third deals with the 'general adaptation syndrome' which describes the stages of biological stress resistance.... the 'alarm reaction' is followed by 'resistance' and then 'exhaustion'.

° "Take stock of your own power." With the positive interpretation of stressful events one can prevent harmful biochemical reactions in your body.

° "Make up your own guidelines." Decide which stress management guidelines should be followed. For example... recognize the beneficial aspects of stress, do just one thing at a time, do your best in any given situation, be positive and look for growth lessons.

° "Take it easy." If you are confronted with a stressful situation, make 'positive affirmations', do what you can about it and go on to other things.

° "Try ways to quiet yourself." Meditation is one of the many ways to induce peacefulness and the beneficial effects of alpha brain activity on the sympathetic nervous system.

° "Enjoy what you do to manage stress." Choose a form of relaxation which you enjoy. There is no point forcing yourself to take on an activity which you do not enjoy when the point of the exercise is to relax

° "Design an environment for quieting." With discipline and commitment, it is possible to quiet yourself (relax) under almost any circumstances and you only need a few minutes a day. Plan your response to stress... change parts of your life that bring chronic stress... job person situation  

° "Set your sights on inner peace." With inner peace and serenity, one can have a long life of wellness if one has a sense of purpose and a feeling of being valued.

° "Plan your response to stress." Try to anticipate stressful situations before they occur and avoid unnecessary stress.

° Work on being open and (politely) assertive." While respecting the needs of others, avoid anxiety and fear by expressing your emotions and feelings to friends.

°  'get lost' occasionally - in calming activities. Avoid the accumulation of stress by way of sports or crafts.

°  Change parts of your life that bring chronic stress.... job, person, situation...

The physical fitness principles are based on your need to understand the functioning of your body and the means to optimal complete...


Beyond the detrimental effects of a neglect for exercise, there are beneficial effects of exercise on the physiology of the body. The heart rate, blood pressure, body fat, stress level, blood cholesterol and lipids are lowered and circulation is increased, with improved oxygen uptake in the nerves and body tissues.

°  "Make physical fitness a part of your life." Understand the importance of keeping fit and plan an exercise regimen.

° "Don't think of fitness as a crash program." Becoming fit and staying fit are gradual processes becoming increasingly enjoyable as you progress.

°  "Exercise is fun so don't cheat yourself by taking an activity too seriously." Do set your own guidelines and keep your routine enjoyable. There is no need to introduce the stressful element of competition.

 °  "Learn to distract yourself-and enjoy exercise even more."Recognize that valuing fitness is part of enjoying life.

°  "Get in touch with Mother Nature - and yourself." Walk or jog in attractive places and combine the effects of exercise with the mental effects of natural retreats.

°  "A little activity goes a long way." Short exercise programsare far more beneficial than no exercise at all.

°  "Set modest expectations." If you set your hopes too high you will be disappointed in your own performance and become discouraged.

°   you can get better with age." With an exercise regimen which suits you, it is possible to become more fit as you grow older.

°  "Get involved in your activity." Make it an important part of your life.°  "Learn how to breathe." It is important to know the correct techniques of breathing before, during and after engaging in physical exercise.

°  "Supplement your favorite fitness activity." In addition to your fitness routine, you should do conditioning exercises for stretching and toning the muscles.

°  "Express your fitness activities in a contract." Keep a record of your activities and the results of your exercises. This will encourage you to progress further.

°  "Be sensible." Be sure not to ask too little of yourself but do not overdo the exercise. Create your own strategies to become fit and realize the beneficial mental effects of fitness.
 

......................................................................................................................................................................................

 How then are we to determine the characteristics of psychological well-being? Several approaches are possible. One way is to examine the major dimensions of transpersonal models of human nature and describe the positive ends of these dimensions. Another involves reviewing the suggestions and anecdotal descriptions available in the literature.. a third approach is experimental, researching those people thought to be most healthy. Research data on the transpersonal dimensions of health is very limited, so we are left for the time being with the theoretical and anecdotal approaches. health of personality, integrated personality from 'hael' whole etc. 'wellness

 Before the individual can accept responsibility for his own health and high level wellness the basic human needs for recognition and affection must be met. Destructive tendencies and habits can be effectively dealt with only after the individual's  basic needs for self-respect have been met. In order to achieve high level wellness, it is essential that one respect oneself. The primary need for self-respect depends on the basic psychological needs for recognition. Activities with tangible consequences - so-called 'consequential activity' - are conducive to self-respect. The individual with self-respect is motivated towards constructive behaviour and creativity. With the recognition of these needs, the individual can control and organize a personal environment which will be supportive of his efforts to attain high level wellness.

High level wellness depends on an understanding of the biological functioning of the body and an understanding of the body's nutritional and physical needs. Ignorance of biological and nutritional needs can lead to casualness ...to irresponsible and detrimental behaviours... to the overdependence on doctors and drugs. High risk behaviours can have long term negative effects on one's health and happiness.

The individual is motivated to acquire knowledge by the instinctive sense of self-responsibility for high level wellness. Furthermore, in learning to understand the relationship between their human needs and the natural environment, the individual becomes aware of the need the environment upon which human health depends... 'environmental sensitivity'. The wholistic perspective is required for the proper understanding of the effects of human activities on the biosphere upon which human existence depends. The utilization of natural resources for energy and transport involves a process of responsible decision making based on a thorough knowledge of the interrelationships of many aspects of biotic and abiotic environments.

_________________________________________________________

In the context of brain-based holistic education health is wholistic health and implies a sense of responsibility to oneself as the natural outcome of the human instinct for self preservation... and the natural biological manifestation of human nature which is in accordance with the organismic need for adaptation to a changing environment.

 Dichotomies disappear with increased mental health. If the individuals in a society remain attached to that level of consciousness dealing with gratification of physical and emotional needs, then they would perceive a dichotomy between personal freedom 'to pursue happiness' and their responsibility to the society or 'social responsibility'. If those same individuals' level of consciousness is raised to a healthier state, then they would be motivated by so-called 'higher needs' to serve others and to contribute to society. They would not perceive a dichotomy between personal freedom "to pursue happiness" and their responsibility to society, their social responsibility. 

"A number of seeming paradoxes follow. Because this essential nature of our being continues to exist beyond any illusory constrictive identifications, it follows that it remains transcendant to the health/illness dichotomy at all times. Thus a movement toward health does not entail changing what we are but rather recognizing what we are. Indeed there is not even any need for movement. As the perennial psychology would have it, "there is nothing to do, nothing to change, nothing to be...  It follows, then, that the transpersonal perspective on the quest for psychological well-being is very different from the traditional Western view. Changes in behaviour, thought, affect, and personality are seen not only as goals in themselves but also as means to facilitate awareness of transcendant dimensions of being." (Walsh l2l)

The goals of wellness... are self-actualization and wholeness. ...the individual is responsible for their own self-knowledge and for knowing what is fundamental to health and wellness... the individual is in charge of their own life... the individual can choose a lifestyle which is conducive to the unity of mind, body and spirit... the individual can choose a life of 'high level wellness'.

Traditionally, psychologists and philosophers have defined good as the absence of evil. ... meaning of 'responsibility for one's health' in the context of brain-based wholistic education.  ...wholistic or whole person health care...  the principle of self-responsibility is central to the individual's attainment of high level wellness.  the individual can choose a life of 'high level wellness.'

 High level wellness... the individual sees himself or herself as a growing, changing person... care for the physical self, use the mind constructively, channel stress energies positively, express emotions effectively, be creatively involved with others, stay in touch with the environment..

Motivation as a significant dimension of health.

Trust the natural processes and the healthy body's abilities to protect the organism...rely as little as possible on drugs and medications for remedies...seek alternative means for the relief of unusual conditions...it is very useful as well as interesting to have access to basic information on the specific interactions of chemicals with the body's biochemistry...such knowledge makes it possible to make intelligent choices and choices with respect to the benefits and dangers of chemicals to which different forms of life are exposed...one becomes extremely cautious about following detailed instructions and observing precautionary measures when resorting to the use of drugs and medication.

Implications for education In the same way that wholistic approach to health care emphasizes a positive attitude to meeting human needs so the wholistic approach to education also emphasizes a positive attitude to meeting human needs. Sound educational policy is based on the need for children to understand their own needs. Pedagogical methods designed around the 'wellness philosophy' and the 'wellness lifestyle' are efficient for the purpose of organizing a curriculum around the children's own needs... effective education is based on provision of the proper conditions required for the individual's needs for wholeness or 'health'. The foundational concepts of holistic health are the same as those of education for the person as a whole... whole person education or  'holistic education'... emphasis is on the importance of a perception of the person as a whole in terms of the interconnectedness of body, mind and moral consciousness or 'conscience' ('spirit')... fosters the growth and integrity of children from birth to adulthood... the recognition and respect for the individual's potential responsibility for health of body, mind and spirit... their own well-being or 'wellness'... their own striving for wholeness... mature growth or 'self-actualisation'.. and therefore on their own education...  provide environmental conditions which foster the individual's needs for physical and psychological personal growth towards high level wellness... personal growth... psychological, emotional, intellectual, spiritual....

Underlying principle of respect for the individual's potential... the active observation process of learning generally... The individual who perceives reality wholistically is affected emotionally and stimulated intellectually to interact with it. This active interest and participation results in a genuine motivation for responsible and productive learning activity which can in turn have an effect on the environment under observation. ...paradigm shifts occurring in other areas of human activity...education and ethics.

 In the context of education health is wholistic health and implies sef-responsibility for one's own health and wellbeing. The sense of responsibility to oneself and one's children is the natural outcome of the human instinct for self preservation and the natural biological manifestation of human nature which is in accordance with the organismic need for adaptation to a changing environment. The state of optimal physical and mental well being or 'high level wellness' has the effect of enhancing the effectiveness of learning.... brain-based holistic learning or 'optimalearning'.

Education for wholistic health is based on the fact that each person is a unique personality with a unique life history. In their unique way, each person is motivated by the instinctive striving for physical and mental wellbeing or 'high level wellness' i.e. 'happiness'.

according to the principles of brain-based learning is based on the individual's natural sense of responsibility for the instinctive striving for wholistic health and optimal well being.

Education according to the principles of brain-based learning engages the individual's natural sense of responsibility for the instinctive striving for wholistic health and optimal well being i.e. 'self-actualisation'.

Educational policy designed around the need to foster high level wellness and ecological sensitivity is education for development of human potential... the precondition for intelligent adaptation to an environment which is constantly changing as a result of human activities.

The self-responsible individual seeks those opportunities which provide for the expression of his uniqueness and dignity and provide for human needs. importance of learning at the emotional level i.e. 'affective learnin

 

The 'holistic perspective' is required for the proper understanding of the effects of human activities on the biosphere upon which human existence depends. The utilization of natural resources for energy and transport involves a process of responsible decision making based on a thorough knowledge of the interrelationships of many aspects of biotic and abiotic environments. Educational policy designed around the need to foster high level wellness and ecological sensitivity is the precondition for intelligent adaptation to an environment which is constantly changing as a result of human activities.          

 

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references:

Ardell, Donald B.  High Level Wellness: An Alternative to Doctors, Drugs and Disease Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA, l986 
 

   ...wholistic or whole person health care... the principle of self-responsibility is central to the individual's attainment of high level wellness.

 Regard for oneself has an effect on how one cares for oneself... assume responsibility for health.  accepting  oneself and others ... accepting the responsibility for one's  beliefs...  

link between conscience and health... in the developing human organism, the proper development of the conscience depends on the complete and integrated development of the psychologically 'healthy' or 'whole' personality...

('healthy' comes from 'hael' meaning whole.)

...product of optimal psychological growth is the integrated personality ... properly developed intrinsic conscience ...source of individual morality ...            

link between learning and wellness: influence of physical well being on learning... concept of 'wellness' 

"A wellness approach focuses on meetin  g h uman needs in positive ways and includes finding ways to earn recognition, create stimulating personal environments, give and receive care  and affection from others, and evolve and grow toward a greater consciousness. Only when your needs are met are you in a position to deal with destructive tendencies and habits."

   "Your mind, body and spirit are integrated and inseparable... At the center of holistic medicine is the perception that you are a 'whole' person requiring internal balance and harmony and external balance with your various environments." 

    Know the biology of your body. An understanding of the biological functioning of the body is essential for high level wellness. Ignorance can result in casualness, irresponsible behaviours and overdependence on doctors and drugs.

... meaning of 'responsibility for one's health' in the context of brain-based wholistic education.

 

WELLNESS: HEALTH AS WHOLENESS... INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL WELL_BEING ON LEARNING    

  

 The goals of wellness... are self-actualization and wholeness.  ...the individual is responsible for their own self-knowledge and for knowing what is fundamental to health and wellness...the individual is in charge of their own life... the individual can choose a lifestyle which is conducive to the unity of mind, body and spirit... the individual can choose a life of 'high level wellness.'

           ...an aspect of healthy psychological and intellectual growth.  

  Wholistic health care involves a wellness approach to health care. The aim of wholistic health care for the individual is the attainment of high level wellness. High level wellness programs are based on the conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy. It depends on the individual's self-responsibility for awareness of human needs for nutrition, physical fitness, stress management and sensitivity to the environment.

     Wholistic health methods are based on the need to respect the individual's potential for responsibility for his/her own health and well-being. Interference in the natural striving to take charge of one's own life and health deprives the individual of personal freedom and independence. The result is the inability to recognize one's emotions or 'feeling states' and the inability to integrate life experiences - the psychological failure which is called 'psychological impotence'. The individual's ability to recognize and accept responsibility for his/her own feeling states is a necessary condition for the attainment of high level wellness. Enhanced awareness of one's own feeling states is a precondition for wholistic health.       

 Wholistic health care is based on the fact that each person is a unique personality with a unique life history. In their unique way, each person is motivated by the instinctive striving for physical and mental wellbeing and happiness or 'high level wellness'. Wellness health implies the committment to the individual's goals for self-actualization and wholeness. The attainment of high level wellness depends on the individual's own efforts to maximize his/her human potential. Wellness health implies committment to one's own goals for self-actualization and wholeness. In order to attain one's goals, one must have a sense of purpose and a means of self-expression. Purposeful living implies personal satisfaction gained from successful achievement. Independent activities integrate life experiences into a unified whole... they are 'integrating experiences'. The self-responsible individual seeks those opportunities which provide for the expression of his uniqueness and dignity and provide for human needs.

 



Remarks of John Travis: page l30

"A key to greater wellness is accepting responsibility for your feelings."

"Those who grow and evolve nearly always do so out of personal pain and crisis"

"Smoking, weight problems, substance abuse and other negative behaviours clear up when basic human needs are met."

"People generally require only a supportive environment to attain their needs."
 


about the interrelatedness of body, mind and spirit, interdependent in the whole human being. 'The individual must find personal satisfactions and a sense of purpose in life; this requires opportunities for the expression of uniqueness and dignity anong others'. Health is more than the absence of sickness. It is a state in which you 'actually glow with wellbeing', in which you are "alive clear to the tips of your fingers. You have energy to burn. You tingle with vitality. At times like these, the world is a glorious place." He called this state of well-being "high level wellness." 


Holistic health centers and wellness centers teach the principle of self-responsibility for health and wellness; self-responsibility is the key to high level awareness.Emphasis is on coming to know yourself, and learning to recognize and effectively express your emotions and 'feeling states'.


John Travis, M.D.
22 Huckleberry Heights, Cazardo, CA 95421 (707) 632-5398 was founder of the Wellness Resource Center in Mill Valley, California. He had credentials of the 'medical order'
(M.D. from Tufts and residency in Preventive Medicine, M.A. in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University) Inspired by Dr.Jarvis who wrote Folk Medicine, l957, "the doctor of the future will be a teacher as well a physician, whose real job will be assisting people to learn how to be healthy."
"Travis believes that wellness begins when an individual sees himself or herself as a growing, changing person. High level wellness means giving care to the physical self, using the mind constructively, channeling stress energies positively, expressing emotions effectively, becoming creatively involved with others, and staying in touch with the environment." The activities of the center are based on the belief that "many people who lack obvious physical symptoms of illnesss are in fact bored, depressed, tense, anxious, or generally unhappy with their lives. These emotional states often lead to physical disease through the lowering of the body's resistance. The same feelings can also lead to abuse of the body through smoking, drinking, overeating. Usually, these behaviours are substitutes for the more basic human needs, such as recognition from others, a stimulating environment, caring and affection from friends, and growth towards a higher degree of self-awareness." (10)

Techniques for attaining high level wellness:
Stress control- (for symptoms of stress such as headaches, back problems, insomnia, inability to concentrate) A technique for stress control used at the centers is 'biofeedback' which "measures very subtle changes in the body, such as muscular tension, and displays the information back in a way that enables the person to achieve unusually deep states of relaxation."
Other techniques are meditation, massages, hot tub baths, saumas, bring about deep relaxation which evokes creativity.
Self-responsibility: "having an aim in life or a sense of purpose is crucial to one's ability to prevent illness, avoid damaging stress, and achieve a high level of wellness." Self-expression, making plans and setting goals are important for achieving personal balance and self-esteem.

Nutritional awareness:
Physical fitness:
Aerobic exercises for cardiovascular benefits and yoga for body toning;
Healing the whole person - body/mind/spirit
Meadowlark Wellness Resource Center was established in l958 and nurtured by Dr. Loomis

 The programs arre based on study of healing principles of Plato, Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Hahnemann as well as European health spas.

The goals of wellness health centers are self-actualization and wholeness
The New England Center, Leverett, Massachusetts, has been in existence since l971 offers a large variety of workshops
about a hundred each year.
Each of these centers teach that you are in charge of your life, you can choose health instead of illness; learning who you are and what you want to be is fundamental to your health

Wholistic Health and Nutrition Institute in California offers "wholistic or whole person humanistic health care dedicated to high level wellness and unity of mind/body/spirit."


Heal comes from 'haelen' to make whole
holistic health methods take into account the total dimension and well-being of the individual
The San Andreas Health Council, Palo Alto California was begun in l973
Dr. Eric Berne, founder of Transactional Analysis, biological and psychological need for 'strokes'- touch, recognition, and consequential activity. The realization of a person's basic needs results in self-respect and the motivation towards constructive and beneficial behaviour, and creativity. Self-abusive behaviour results from 'stroke-deprivation' . If a person's basic needs are not met, the result is 'stroke-deprivation' which leads to self-abusive behaviour and the search for harmful 'stroke substitutes'. An important basis for behaviour is reinforcement, whether it be positive or negative. "A wellness approach focuses on meeting human needs in positive ways and includes finding ways to earn recognition, create stimulating personal environments, give and receive care and affection from others, and evolve and grow toward a greater consciousness. Only when your needs are met are you in a position to deal with destructive tendencies and habits."


 principles of the five dimensions of high level wellness:


Personal environment sensitivity principles  Being environmentally sensitive means that you understand how you can shape your own personal and social environments as well as the physical environment, that you recognize how you are affected by those environments, and that you can control some aspects of those environments. You are responsible for creating a personal environment which will contribute to your self-esteem and happiness. Self-awareness is essential for health and happiness soask yourself the questions which you might ask someone else if you want to get to know them. Along with self-awareness, a philosophy of life, a sense of humour, and a perception of crisis as opportunity, have a vision for your future of high level wellness.

Putting priority on your personal needs will automatically put your preferences in the right perspective. Determine your values and provide for your needs as best you can under the circumstances. You want to motivate yourself and so you should organize the necessary physical conditions. Design your living space and work space to maximize your own sense of well-being..

 It is your attitudes towards events and circumstances which makes you happy or unhappy rather than the events and circumstances themselves.

You can get a sense of satisfaction by living ecologically. Defend your rights not to be polluted by other people. Use energy wisely. Get involved with other peoples' efforts in an environmentally oriented organization.
 

Understand that raising children is a serious responsibility.
 


























 

Donald B. Ardell. "High Level Wellness: An Alternative to Doctors, Drugs and Disease, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA, l986

QUESTION: Outline the conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy and the principles of the five dimensions of high level wellness.

A wellness philosophy is based on the following basic concepts
(l.) "You are the chairperson of your own well-being". Each person is responsible for their health and well-being. (2.) "Forget about magic bullets or instant solutions". It is better to avoid disease-causing behaviours than depend on the medical media message that there is a always a medical solution to physical disease. (3.) "Heed not the counsel of the adipose physician". Physicians who themselves pay little regard to nutrition, exercise, stress management and self-responsibility are not likely to promote healthful lifestyles. (4.) "Your body is the world's greatest healer-let nature do its thing". 'Self-regulatory' processes such as antibody formation, cell regeneration, maintenance of body temperature, heart and respiration rates, etc. Understand the workings of the body and avoid behaviours which block the natural healing processes. (5.) "God makes it her business to stay out of ours". You are on your own in this world and it is to your advantage to accept responsibility for your illness and wellness. (6.) "Neither Rome nor a wellness lifestyle can be made in a day" It is hard work to live well. (7.) "Don't sacrifice, deny yourself, or give up destructive life habits-until you're ready to do so" Making your own decisions about your lifestyle produces a sense of satisfactio not feelings of self-denial. (8.) "No medicine is good medicine- as a bendable rule." Except for the occasional necessity for medication, natural remedies, time, will and an integrated lifestyle are suffiient for most ailments.
(9.) "It's better to be a client than a patient" According to the author, the term 'patient' "connotes a subservient quality
in the nature of your relationship with a physician." As a client, you have self-responsibility and the physician is a guide in the healing process rather than an authority figure.
(l0.) "High level wellness is more rewarding than low level worseness." As easily as becoming addicted to negative behaviour, harmful to your health and welfare, you can become addicted to positive behaviour, beneficial to your health and welfare. A wellness lifestyle enriches your life, develops your character as well as your body, increases your mental alertness, your self-awareness, your confidence and your personal self-esteem.
The conceptual basis of a wellness philosophy represents the foundation for the five dimensions of high level wellness. These are self-responsibility, nutritional awareness, physical fitness, stress management, and environmental sensitivity. The principles of each dimension are outlined in the following paragraphs.
The self-responsibility principles are based on your need to behave as though your health is in your own hands. (l) "You are in charge of your own life." Consequently you are responsible for your own health. (2) "You are different from everybody else." The alternatives available to you should suit your unique personality and life history. (3) "You are motivated by a desire for happiness." You can channel this motivation towards a life of high level wellness. (4) "You need a sense of purpose." You need the means of self-expression in order to attain your goals.
(5) "You are OK-and on your way to being even better." Your regard for yourself has an effect on how you care for yourself. In order to achieve high level wellness, it is essential to respect yourself. (6) "At times, you might prefer illness to health." Dependence on doctors and drugs in some circumstances might seem an easy alternative to assuming responsibility for your health. (7) "Stop, examine and choose." You must accept yourself and others and then the responsibility for your own beliefs. (8) Go for positive happiness, wellness style." High risk behaviours have a long term negative effect on your health and therefore on your happiness. (9) "Great decisions under stress seldom cure." With the exception of emergency situations, it is better to wait for emotions to subside and make sensible decisions.
The nutritional awareness principles are based on your need to sustain yourself with the right foods. (l) "Go out of your way for natural, 'live' foods." These include, soybeans, fresh fruits and vegetables, yogurt, garlic, honey, apple cider vinegar, nutritional yeast, wheat germ, watermelon, sunflower seeds, bran. (2) "Vary your diet". Make the effort to look for different kinds of foods which are healthful. (3) "Avoid dangerous foods and food additives." Inform yourself of the chemicals which are added to foods and avoid them to protect your health. (4) "Boycott refined, processed foods." As far as possible, avoid packaged and canned foods. They have little nutritional value. (5) "Learn to dislike the refined carbohydrates." Refined sugar goes directly into the bloodstream upsetting the endocrine balance and without the proper food factors for metabolism, it can cause tissue damage. (6) "Keep it simple and take your time." Healthful eating should be pleasurable. Take time to look for healthful foods and take pleasure in preparing healthful meals. (7) "Eliminate coffee, tea, alcohol, and other addictive drugs". Caffeine in coffee and tea, like alcohol and addictive drugs, is correlated with higher risk of illness. (8) "Concentrate on quality in proteins." Eat foods with complete protein, such as whole grains and legumes. (9) "Eat fresh fruit and vegetables every day"
(l0) "Try to get high fiber roughage every day". About 24 roughage grams a day, (in bran, whole grain products, fresh fruits and vegetables) are required to avoid the risk of degenerative disease. (ll) "Don't overlook Grandmom's homilies-they still make good sense". Chew food slowly and thoroughly, eat only when hungry, drink lots of water, use herbs for vitamins etc. (l2) "Start every day with a full and nutritious breakfast"
The stress management principles are based on your need to have peace of mind which is an important health promoting factor. Recognizing that stress is inevitable, it can be put to good advantage leading to alertness, creativity and productivity. Without the skills to manage stress, you become distressed, tense and anxious, feeling states which result in the breakdown of energy which is needed to change the circumstances creating the stress. There are three interesting technical aspects of stress management. The first is connected with the electrical activity in the brain. There are four main types of brain activity. Beta is the awake phase, theta is the sleep or nonconsciousness phase, delta is the deep sleep phase, alpha is the awake phase associated with natural creative activiy. Lowering tension and anxiety, the alpha state leads to mental peace and is health promoting. The second aspect of stress management is concerned with the "fight or flight response". In the 'fight or flight response' the involuntary sympathetic nervous system is activated in stress situations, raising blood pressure and metabolism. Managing the fight or flight response is essential for maintenance of good health. The third aspect of stress management deals with the "general adaptation syndrome" which describes the stages of biological stress resistance. The 'alarm reaction' is followed by 'resistance' and then 'exhaustion'.
The stress management principles are practical guidelines for taking advantage of stressful circumstances. (l) "Take stock of your own power." By interpreting stressful events in a positive way, you can prevent harmful biochemical reactions in your body. (2) "Make up your own guidelines." Decide yourself which stress management guidelines you should follow. Examples: recognize the beneficial aspects of stress, do just one thing at a time, do your best in any given situation, be positive and look for growth lessons.(3) "Take it easy." If you are confronted with a stressful situation, make 'positive affirmations', do what you can about it and go on to other things. (4) "Try ways to quiet yourself." Meditation is one of the many ways to induce peacefulness and the beneficial effects of alpha brain activity on the sympathetic nervous system. (5) "Enjoy what you do to manage stress." Choose a form of relaxation which you enjoy. There is no point forcing yourself to take on an activity which you do not enjoy when the point
of the exercise is to relax. (6) "Design an environment for quieting." With discipline and commitment, you can quiet yourself (relax) under almost any circumstances and you only need a few minutes a day. (7) "Set your sights on inner peace." Knowing serenity, you can have a long life of wellness if you have a sense of purpose and a feeling of being valued.
(8) "Plan your response to stress." Try to anticipate stressful situations before they occur and avoid unnecessary stress.
(9) Work on being open and (politely) assertive." While respecting the needs of others, avoid anxiety and fear by expressing your emotions and feelings to friends. (l0) "Consider 'getting lost' occasionally-in a calming activity." Avoid the accumulation of stress by way of sports or crafts. (ll) "Consider changing parts of your life that bring chronic stress." If a job or a person produces continuous stress, consider a change.
The physical fitness principles are based on your need to understand the functioning of your body and the means to optimal physical health. Beyond the detrimental effects of a neglect for exercise, there are beneficial effects of exercise on the physiology of the body. The heart rate, blood pressure, body fat, stress level, blood cholesterol and lipids are lowered and circulation is increased, with improved oxygen uptake in the nerves and body tissues. (l) "Make physical fitness a part of your life." Understand the importance of keeping fit and plan an exercise regimen. (2) "Don't think of fitness as a crash program." Becoming fit and staying fit are gradual processes becoming increasingly enjoyable as you progress. (3) "Exercise is fun so don't cheat yourself by taking an activity too seriously." Do set your own guidelines and keep your routine enjoyable. There is no need to introduce the stressful element of competition. (4) "Learn to distract yourself-and enjoy exercise even more." Recognize that valuing fitness is part of enjoying life. (5) "Get in touch with Mother Nature - and yourself." Walk or jog in attractive places and combine the effects of exercise with the mental effects of natural retreats.
(6) "A little activity goes a long way." Short exercise programs
are far more beneficial than no exercise at all. (7) "Set modest expectations." If you set your hopes too high you will be disappointed in your own performance and become discouraged. (8) "Like a grape, you can get better with age." With an exercise regimen which suits you, it is possible to become more fit as you grow older. (9) "Get involved in your activity." Make it an important part of your life. (l0) "Learn how to breathe." It is important to know the correct techniques of breathing before, during and after engaging in physical exercise. (ll) "Supplement your favorite fitness activity." In addition to your fitness routine, you should do conditioning exercises for stretching and toning the muscles.(l2) "Express your fitness activities in a contract." Keep a record of your activities and the results of your exercises. This will encourage you to progress further.(l3) "Be sensible." Be sure not to ask too little of yourself but do not overdo the exercise. Create your own strategies to become fit and realize the beneficial mental effects of fitness.
The environmental sensitivity principles are based on your need to respect the interrelatedness between yourself, your fellow human beings and the rest of the living world. Being environmentally sensitive means that you understand how you can shape your own personal and social environments as well as the physical environment, that you recognize how you are affected by those environments, and that you can control some aspects of those environments. (l) "Do yourself and the world a favor-live lightly on the earth." Living ecologically will give you a sense of satisfaction. (2) If you smoke, try extra hard to quit; if you do not, assert yourself around those who do." Defend your rights not to be polluted by other people.
(3) "Eat lower on the food chain." Foods grown organically such as rice, beans, wheat, barley and oats are more healthful than meats. (4) "Living wisely is your best revenge." Fuel companies make a profit on peoples' unwise use of energy. (5) "Boycott the fast foods industry." The industry consumes unneccesary energy and resources and the food is not healthful. (6) "Consider participating in an environmentally oriented organization." Involvement with other peoples' efforts keeps you informed and feeling good. (7) "Have fewer children-or more of someone else's." Raising children is a formidable undertaking. As well as having the capacity to love, one must have a strong sense of responsibility to the children, to the society and to oneself.
The personal environmental sensitivity principles are based on your need to have control over your own personal life, essential for the healthy relationship between mental and physical health. (l) Catalog the impact of your personal environment." You are responsible for creating a personal environment which will contribute to your self-esteem and happiness. (2) "Upgrade your needs to preferences." Putting priority on your personal needs will automatically put the preferences in the right perspective. (3) "Become an 'eco-space' engineer." Design your living space and work space to maximize your own sense of well-being. If you need quiet for effective study, you could place your desk near a window overlooking the garden rather than the street if there is a lot of noisy traffic. (4) "Match your values and spaces." Determine your values and
provide for your needs as best you can under the circumstances. (5) "Don't stay bored or unhappy with your life." Rather than the circumstances and events themselves, it is your attitudes towards them which makes you happy or unhappy. (6) "Stay current with yourself on the basic questions." Don't hesitate to ask yourself the questions which you might ask someone else if you want to get to know them. Self-awareness is essential for health and happiness. (7) "Learn to recognize a poor space fit." You want to motivate yourself and so you should organize the necessary physical conditions. (8) "Do more for your future than hang around waiting for it." Along with self-awareness, a philosophy of life, a sense of humour, and a perception of crisis as opportunity, have a vision for your future of high level wellness.